Swaziland Area Code

+268 is the dialing code for Swaziland.

The small kingdom of Swaziland (Eswatini) has a short border with Mozambique in the east and is otherwise surrounded by South Africa. The country was a British protectorate until independence in 1968. A power struggle between the ruling royal family and opposition parties has been going on for decades. The Kingdom is essentially an agricultural country, but many Swazis work in South Africa and send home money.

  • Abbreviationfinder: Brief profiles of Swaziland, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.

After independence from Britain, the kingdom retained the colonial name Swaziland. In 2018, the country formally changed its name to Eswatini (see fact box). In the Land Guide we stick to the established name Swaziland.

Geography and climate

Eswatini Area Code

Swaziland is about the same size as Värmland. The country borders the east to Mozambique and is otherwise surrounded by South Africa.

At the border with Mozambique, the Lebombo mountain range runs. From there, Swaziland slopes down to a warm and humid lowland, Låga Velden, which is followed by the Middle Velden with more pleasant climate and fertile soil. To the west, the country rises again to a grassy highland, Höga Velden.

Several rivers flow through Swaziland in the west-easterly direction, including Komati in the north and the great Usutu further south.

Heavy utilization of savanna and steppe areas for, among other things, sugar cane cultivation has depleted plant and animal life. Only a few specimens of leopard and impala and stone antelope are left.

Country Facts


Cultivated land 68.3 %
Land area 17364 km 2

Population and health

Population development 1.11 ‰
Urban population (Urbanization) 21.3 %
Death rate 13.56 per 1000 residents
Life expectancy: Women 50.5 years
Life expectancy: Men 51.6 years
Birth rate 24.67 births per 1000 residents
HDI index 0.531
Population 1435613
Infant mortality 52.57 deaths / 1000 births

Population Graph Source: Countryaah.com


Electricity, production 425 million kWh
Energy consumption per resident 372.7 kg. oil per resident
Natural gas, production million cubic meters
Crude oil, production million tons


Internet users 23.8 per 100 residents
Mobile subscriptions 65 per 100 residents
Passenger cars 89 per 1000 residents

Business and economics

Unemployment 40% of the workforce
GDP 8500 per resident
Primary occupations 70 %
Secondary profession 15 %
Tertiary professions 15 %

Swaziland has a warm, subtropical climate all year round. The warmest is in the eastern part of the lowland, Låga Velden. Most rain falls in the west, while the lowlands in the east get quite a bit of rainfall.



17 363 km2 (2018)


Swedish +1 hour

Adjacent country (s)

South Africa, Mozambique

Capital with number of residents

Mbabane 66,000

Other major cities


Important rivers

Komati, Usutu

Average Precipitation / year

1400 mm

Average / day

Mbabane 20 °C (Jan), 12 °C (July)



Manifestations for democracy

A great manifestation of democratic reform is being held in Manzini. The day before, around 50 people were arrested during a similar demonstration.


Police raids against oppositionists

The police carry out raids against opposition groups, trade unions and voluntary organizations. An unknown number of people are arrested, accused of terrorism. A number of new blasts have preceded the arrests, but many suspect that the blast has in fact been planned by the police in order to blame democracy activists.


Opposition leaders call for sanctions

Pudemo’s leader Mario Masuko urges the outside world to impose targeted sanctions on Swaziland. Foreign Minister Lutfo Dlamini describes the statement as “unfortunate”.