Asia Countries and Capitals

Asia, part of Eurasia, is the largest continent in terms of area with around 44.615 million square kilometers, about a third of the total land mass. With over four billion people, more than half of the world’s population, this part of the world is also the most populous.


The word “Asia” is derived from the Assyrian word “Asu”. Assu means “sunrise” or “east”. So Asia points to the region in the direction of sunrise. It therefore corresponds to the Latin word Orient or the German ” Morgenland “. This is how the area of Asia Minor was called Asia in antiquity, which later gave rise to the name of the Roman province of Asia. In ancient times, the name Asia was traced back to personal names.


Asia is the largest continent on earth. With an area of ​​around 44.614 million square kilometers (excluding Russia 31.7 million square kilometers), it comprises around a third of the total land mass. Together with Europe, Asia is also viewed as part of the greater continent of Eurasia.

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The continental landmass lies entirely in the eastern hemisphere and north of the equator with the exception of the Chukchi Peninsula in eastern Siberia, which lies east of the date line, and the southeasternmost islands in the Malay Archipelago, which are in the southern hemisphere of the earth.


Asia is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Pacific Ocean to the east and the Indian Ocean to the south.

In the west, Asia has no clear geographical or geological boundary with Europe. The most common definition of the border to Europe from north to south: the Ural – mountains, the Urals – the river, the Caspian Sea, the Caucasus, the southern coast of the Black Sea and the Bosporus, the Sea of Marmara and the Dardanelles. From the Barents Sea to the Black Sea, this border is around 2,700 km long.

With Africa Asia north of the Red Sea on the peninsula Sinai (Isthmus of Suez, 145 km wide) connected.

In the northeast, the mainland masses of Asia and North America are a little more than 80 km apart on the Bering Strait.

In the southeast the Malay Archipelago forms the connection to Australia. The southernmost point is the Indonesian island of Pamana.


Asia has a number of global geographic superlatives:

  • Most populous country: China
  • the largest share of the world’s largest country in terms of area: Russia. This share of Russia itself is larger than the world’s second largest country Canada.
  • the highest mountain range: Himalayas, all mountains over 8000 meters high
  • the deepest and oldest lake: the Baikal
  • the deepest water: the Dead Sea

It is the continent with the most diverse vegetation, alternating from the permafrost soil of Siberia to the jungle of Southeast Asia. In addition to the extreme tundra, desert and tropical rainforest, all other vegetation zones on earth can also be found in Asia.

Another special feature are most of the world’s intercontinental states, with both Asian parts of the country and territories in other parts of the world. These include Russia, Kazakhstan, Indonesia, Japan, Egypt and Turkey.

In the Far East is the country with the largest population in the world, China, with approximately 1.3 billion residents. The Far East is also called East Asia, it is located east of the Asian continent and covers a territory that covers an area of ​​about 12 million km 2 , where the populations of China (1.3 billion), Japan (126 , 9 million), South Korea (49 million), North Korea (23 million), Taiwan (23 million), Hong Kong (6 million), Mongolia (2 million) and Macau (450 thousand).

This portion of Asia has, in a large part of the territory, a temperate climate, due to its geographical location, since it is cut by the Tropic of Cancer. This climatic characteristic is not part of the reality of a southern portion of China and Taiwan, as both are under the influence of the Earth’s torrid or intertropical zone, which receives a greater amount of sunlight, with higher temperatures.

In East Asia there are two of the few remaining countries of the socialist system: China and North Korea, remembering that the Chinese economy has already changed its configuration considerably and has been increasingly distancing itself from the principles of socialism and approaching the capitalist principles. Some countries, such as Macau, had their respective territories annexed and administered by the Chinese government, becoming administrative regions.

Check abbreviationfinder for list of all acronyms related to Asia.

If you are looking for the international dialing code for a particular country of Asia, you can check the following table. Asian countries are listed in alphabetical order. Also included are capital cities are ISO codes. To find complete information about countries in Asia, please look at

Asia Countries and Flags

# Country Name Capital International Area Code 2 Letter Code 3 Letter Code
1 Afghanistan Kabul 93 AF AFG
2 Armenia Yerevan 374 AM ARM
3 Azerbaijan Baku 994 AZ AZE
4 Bahrain Manama 973 BH BHR
5 Bangladesh Dhaka 880 BD BGD
6 Bhutan Thimphu 975 BT BTN
7 Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan 673 BN BRN
8 Cambodia Phnom Penh 855 KH KHM
9 China Beijing 86 CN CHN
10 Georgia Tbilisi 995 GE GEO
11 Hong Kong Hong Kong 852 HK HKG
12 India New Delhi 91 IN IND
13 Indonesia Jakarta 62 ID IDN
14 Iran Tehran 98 IR IRN
15 Iraq Baghdad 964 IQ IRQ
16 Israel Jerusalem 972 IL ISR
17 Japan Tokyo 81 JP JPN
18 Jordan Amman 962 JO JOR
19 Kazakhstan Astana 7 KZ KAZ
20 Kuwait Kuwait City 965 KW KWT
21 Kyrgyzstan Bishkek 996 KG KGZ
22 Laos Vientiane 856 LA LAO
23 Lebanon Beirut 961 LB LBN
24 Macau Macao 853 MO MAC
25 Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 60 MY MYS
26 Maldives Malé 960 MV MDV
27 Mongolia Ulan Bator 976 MN MNG
28 Myanmar [Burma] Nay Pyi Taw 95 MM MMR
29 Nepal Kathmandu 977 NP NPL
30 North Korea Pyongyang 850 KP PRK
31 Oman Muscat 968 OM OMN
32 Pakistan Islamabad 92 PK PAK
33 Philippines Manila 63 PH PHL
34 Qatar Doha 974 QA QAT
35 Saudi Arabia Riyadh 966 SA SAU
36 Singapore Singapore 65 SG SGP
37 South Korea Seoul 82 KR KOR
38 Sri Lanka Colombo 94 LK LKA
39 Syria Damascus 963 SY SYR
40 Taiwan Taipei 886 TW TWN
41 Tajikistan Dushanbe 992 TJ TJK
42 Thailand Bangkok 66 TH THA
43 Turkey Ankara 90 TR TUR
44 Turkmenistan Ashgabat 993 TM TKM
45 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi 971 AE ARE
46 Uzbekistan Tashkent 998 UZ UZB
47 Vietnam Hanoi 84 VN VNM
48 Yemen San‘a’ 967 YE YEM