North America Countries and Capitals

North America has a total of three countries. Anglo-Saxon America is a part of North America. Anglo-Saxon America corresponds to the English speaking countries of the Americas, so in this case they are the only nations on the continent that are developed. The countries with such characteristics are located in North America: United States and Canada. This region of the American continent is home to important types of vegetation cover such as tundra, temperate forest, steppe and grasslands, desert vegetation, savanna, high mountain vegetation and areas devoid of vegetation.

Tundra: occurs in areas where the cold climate predominates with long and severe winters. Due to these conditions, the vegetations they present are basically creeping plants such as mosses and lichens.

Temperate Forest: it develops in regions where the predominant climate is temperate, with hot summers and harsh winters. Temperate forests are usually composed of deciduous trees with red, orange and yellow leaves, a common feature in temperate deciduous forests.

Steppe and grasslands: it presents in regions of semi-arid climate with high temperatures and long periods of drought. Predominance of undergrowth as herbaceous.

Desert vegetation: develops in an area with a very dry desert climate and very little rainfall. Vegetations adapted to water scarcity, such as xerophilous species.

Savanna: it occurs in places with subtropical climate with incidence of well-distributed rainfall throughout the year, with temperatures not exceeding 10ºC in certain periods.

High mountain vegetation: it has a cold climate, in mountains up to 1,000 meters deciduous forests occur, up to 1,800 meters are conifers and over 2,000 are meadows.

Absence of vegetation: places with a very cold temperature and large amount of ice, conditions that prevent the proliferation of vegetation.

Check abbreviationfinder for list of all acronyms related to North America.

If you are looking for the international dialing code for a particular country of North America, you can check the following table. North American countries are listed in alphabetical order. Also included are capital cities are ISO codes. To find complete information about countries in North America, please look at

North America Countries and Flags

# Country Name Capital International Area Code 2 Letter Code 3 Letter Code
1 Anguilla The Valley 1 264 AI AIA
2 Bahamas Nassau 1 BS BHS
3 Barbados Bridgetown 1 BB BRB
4 Bermuda Hamilton 1 BM BMU
5 British Virgin Islands Road Town 1 284 VG VGB
6 Canada Ottawa 1 CA CAN
7 Cayman Islands George Town 1-345 KY CYM
8 Dominica Roseau 1 DM DMA
9 Dominican Republic Santo Domingo 1 DO DOM
10 Jamaica Kingston 1 JM JAM
11 Montserrat Plymouth 1 664 MS MSR
12 Puerto Rico San Juan 1 PR PRI
13 Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre 1 KN KNA
14 Saint Lucia Castries 1 LC LCA
15 Saint Martin Marigot 1 599 MF MAF
16 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown 1 VC VCT
17 Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain 1 TT TTO
18 United States Washington 1 US USA


The North American business includes more than half a billion people in 23 countries and is characterized by the strong differences between the rich countries Canada and USA, which are among the wealthiest countries in the world, and the poor countries Z entralamerik as and K aribbean ; Mexico, the Bahamas and Costa Rica are in between. Although Mexico is part of NAFTA and the OECD, it is still a lot poorer than its northern neighbors. The Central American states are on the free trade agreement DR-CAFTA bound to North America.

  • BagLib: General information about Anguilla, covering geography, climate, travel tips and popular sights.


Many North American indigenous peoples were sedentary when they were discovered by the Europeans and already practiced agriculture and animal husbandry extensively; After the population of the indigenous people had decimated by around 90% due to a lack of resistance to diseases brought in from Europe and massacres by colonists of the natives, they were numerically so inferior that they could hardly offer any resistance. Many indigenous peoples founded new tribes and associations in response to European settlement. Well-known groups are Wyandot, Mohawk, Apaches, Cherokee, Sioux, Mohegan, Iroquois and Eskimos.

As far as we know today, the first Europeans to reach North America (Newfoundland) were the Grænlendingar, who called it Vinland. They reached it around the year 1000. Although they established a few settlements, they left few marks on the continent, as at L’Anse aux Meadows in Newfoundland.

After Christopher Columbus discovered America in 1492, the Spaniards were the first Europeans to stay in southern North America. They soon controlled the large islands of K aribbean, defeated the Aztecs and also received control of Z entralamerika and Mexico.

The discovery of North America, specifically the later Canada, succeeded in English order the Italian Giovanni Caboto (John Cabot) in the year 1497. While some smaller countries such as the Netherlands or Sweden had only minor possessions on the continent, the continent was between the Spaniards, divided between the French and the English.

The first English settlements were Jamestown and Plymouth Rock, now called Virginia and Massachusetts. The first French settlements were Port Royal and Québec in the present Canadian provinces of Nova Scotia and Québec.


Due to its great north-south expansion, the climate of the North American continent is characterized by strong contrasts. In the area of ​​the Northern Canadian Islands and Hudson Bay, a polar tundra climate prevails, which is bounded to the south and west by the boreal zone. The Hudson Bay as ” America’s icebox ” and the cold Labrador Current on the Atlantic coast cause the polar climates to expand southward on the east coast of the continent.

This polar zone is followed by temperate climates in the south, but these are mainly in the area of ​​the USA. These are the central, continental steppes and prairies, as well as the humid continental climates in the northeast, which change to desert climates in the south-west and humid, subtropical climates in the south-east.

A high mountain climate is characteristic of the Cordilleras region in large parts. It has a decisive influence on the climatic characteristics of the surrounding areas. While on their windward side one in the West oceanic climate with intense rains in the winter and cool, dry summers (southwest Canada and the northwest US) or a Mediterranean and desert-like climate (California and Southern California) prevails, it causes on the leeward side by its function as a precipitation bar an arid climate and thus favors a dry and hot desert climate in the southwest states of the USA.