+228 is the dialing code for Togo.
Togo is located on the coast of West Africa. The country’s long narrow form testifies to its past as a buffer zone between French and British interests. Until the end of the First World War, this was a German colony. Thereafter, the area was ruled by France until independence in 1960. For 38 years, Togo was ruled by President Gnassingbé Eyadéma, who in 2005 was succeeded by his son Faure Gnassingbé. Phosphate and cotton exports form the basis of the country’s economy.
- Abbreviationfinder: Brief profiles of Togo, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
Togo in West Africa takes the form of a narrow corridor, between 5 and 16 km wide, which extends from the Atlantic coast about 60 km in a northerly direction. The country’s short coast consists mainly of sandy beaches. The climate in Togo is tropical.
In the east, Togo shares border with Benin and in the west with Ghana. Neighboring north is Burkina Faso.
On the coast there are several lagoons and lakes, including Lake Togo which gave the country its name (togo means just lake or lagoon in the largest native language ewe). Within the coastal area there is a swampy plain, which is mostly covered by tropical rainforest.
The middle parts of the country consist of hilly savannah. Here are also the highest mountains that are the foothills of the Atakora Mountains in Benin. In the north, the country declines again and turns into steppe land. Several rivers flow through Togo, including Oti in the north and Mono in the south.
In the north, the rainy season falls between June and September, while the southern part of the country has two rainy periods: April-June and September-October. In December and January, the dry desert wind blows the Harmattan into Togo.
|Cultivated land||67.4 %|
|Land area||56785 km 2|
Population and health
|Population development||2.69 ‰|
|Urban population (Urbanization)||40 %|
|Death rate||7.26 per 1000 residents|
|Life expectancy: Women||67.17 years|
|Life expectancy: Men||61.91 years|
|Birth rate||34.13 births per 1000 residents|
|Infant mortality||45.22 deaths / 1000 births|
Population Graph Source: Countryaah.com
|Electricity, production||109 million kWh|
|Energy consumption per resident||463 kg. oil per resident|
|Natural gas, production||million cubic meters|
|Crude oil, production||million tons|
|Internet users||4.6 per 100 residents|
|Mobile subscriptions||66 per 100 residents|
|Passenger cars||2 per 1000 residents|
Business and economics
|Unemployment||% of the workforce|
|GDP||1500 per resident|
|Primary occupations||65 %|
|Secondary profession||5 %|
|Tertiary professions||30 %|
FACTS – GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
56,785 km2 (2018)
Swedish –1 hour
Adjacent country (s)
Ghana, Burkina Faso, Benin
Capital with number of residents
Lomé 1 785 300
Other major cities
Socode, Kara, Kpalimé
Mont Agou (985 m asl)
Oti, Mono, Kara
Average Precipitation / year
about 870 mm
Average / day
Lome 27 °C (Jan), 24 °C (July)
Governing Unir wins its own majority
The parliamentary elections are held in relatively calm forms, after some unrest during the electoral movement. Among other things, a demonstration was triggered when the authorities temporarily shut down a radio station that is close to the opposition after it reported alleged electoral fraud. The official election results show that Unir wins 62 out of 91 seats, giving the ruling party a two-thirds majority in the legislative assembly. Opposition coalition The collective rescue of Togo wins 19 seats. It appeals the result in the Constitutional Court, which considers that there is no evidence of electoral fraud. Election observers from AU and Ecowas consider the election arrangements acceptable.
Parliamentary elections in July
The government announces parliamentary elections until July 21. After deliberations, most opposition parties decide to take part in the elections. They have previously said that there are no conditions for free and fair elections but changed since a number of incarcerated opposition politicians were released.