With the jealousy of those rulers, who were at times hostile to one another, it did not seem inappropriate for England to meddle in the affairs of Afghanistan. It supported the Shah Shudshah , who was again elevated to commander of Kabul in 1838. Shortly afterwards, Lord Auckland , Governor-General of the English Indies, issued a manifesto in which he accused the Afghan chieftains that by siding with Persia they had transgressed against the interests of England. Then a British army marched along the Indus to Afghanistan. It suffered greatly from heat and lack of water, especially at the Bolan Pass. But the Afghans barely resisted; their armies melted where the English appeared, and where they held out, as at Ghizni , they suffered a tremendous defeat. Dost – Mohammed had to seek refuge in flight and was beaten again near Kabul in 1840, after which he voluntarily surrendered to the English. Much was gained by this, but the English were hated for their pride and for the favor of Shudshah . At the same time, they neglected all precautionary measures, so that an elaborate conspiracy arose without them suspecting anything of it. She appeared on the 24th of November, 1841, with the assassination of the English chief of army Sir Alexander Burnes . Mac Naghten , now in chief, because of his carelessness lost the city of Kabul with a large stock of provisions and military supplies, and he himself was killed in a negotiation, by Akbar – Khan , the son of Dost – Muhammad and chief of the Afghans, tied. Instead of taking still more vigorous measures, the negotiations were continued, and the English could at last negotiate nothing more than the free retreat. On the 6th January, 1842, Generals Elphinstone and Shelton retired set out with their troops to reach India over Shelalabad and the Kheiber Pass. Plagued by fierce cold and — especially in the mountain passes — by treacherous attacks by the Afghans, the English were partly killed, partly captured, so that of the 5,000 men who garrisoned Kabul, only ten reached the objective of their march. Many chief officers had surrendered to Akbar – Khan . Major General Anquetil , who was in command of the last remnants of the army, died a hero’s death. Now Lord Auck-land became by Lord Ellenborough and the latter strove for an immediate evacuation of Afghanistan, so that the British generals could scarcely obtain leave to avenge the deaths of their comrades-in-arms. General Pollock passed through the Kheiber pass to Kabul, and General Nott from Kandahar to Ghizni. Both cities and many others were taken and destroyed. Check bridgat for Afghanistan Weather and Climate.
The Conflict in Afghanistan Part IV
Big losses for the Afghan army Since 2016, the situation has deteriorated more and more for the government. The losses of the army and the police […]