State Route 61 in Hawaii
State Route 61, more commonly known as the Pali Highway, is a state route in Hawaii, located on the island of Oahu. The Pali Highway connects Honolulu to Kailua. The road is 17 kilometers long.
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The Pali Highway is the easternmost thoroughfare through the Ko’olau Range, the mountain range on Oahu. The entire route is a 2×2 divided highway, and is partly grade separated in Honolulu. There is a semi-junction with Interstate H1. The Pali Highway crosses the main ridge of the Ro’olau Range through the Nu’uanu Pali Tunnels. The highest point of the road is about 340 meters above sea level. The descent on the east side of Oahu is quite steep, with a hairpin turn. The Pali Highway ends in the coastal city of Kailua.
The original route across the Ko’olau Range was very narrow. The Nu’uanu Pali Tunnels opened to traffic in 1959, also completing the Pali Highway between Honolulu and Kailua as a 2×2 divided highway. The Pali Highway (along with the Likelike Highway) served as its primary function for a long time, as Interstate H3 was not completed until 1997.
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State Route 76 in Hawaii
State Route 76 is a state route in the U.S. state of Hawaii, located on the island of Oahu. The road forms a short connection between Interstate H1 in Waipahu and ʻEwa Beach and is 10 kilometers long.
The road heads south from H1 in Waipahu to ʻEwa Beach. Waipahu also has a grade-separated connection with SR-93. The road opens up large expansion areas on southern Oahu around ʻEwa Beach and is a 2×3 divided highway with traffic lights. The road leads through a flat area and ends in ʻEwa Beach.
In the 1970s, this part of Oahu began to suburbanize. The area originally consisted of sugar cane fields, but the rapidly rising housing prices in Honolulu forced further expansion of residential areas in southwest Oahu. The road was completed in 1982. The traffic pressure steadily increased, after 2000 the area around ʻEwa Beach has been significantly further suburbanized.