Springfield, the county seat of Effingham County, is named for a mineral spring in the area. The city was founded in 1799 and incorporated as a town December 31, 1838.
The Effingham County courthouse in Springfield was built in 1908 and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Also, the four square block surrounding the courthouse is designated on the registry.
The Historic Effingham Society Museum built in 1934 is located in Springfield. This two-story brick jail houses a collection of Revolutionary, Civil War and Indian artifacts.
Springfield participates in the Better Hometown Program run by the Georgia Department of Community Affairs. This community development program is a public-private partnership intended to revitalize small communities with populations between 1,000 and 5,000. These cities have access to technical assistance and fiscal resources designed to stimulate downtown revitalization.
The City of Springfield hosts a number of events including the Effingham County Fair, the Spring and Fall Street Dance, and the Martin Luther King, Jr. Day Parade and Breakfast.
Population: 1,821. Estimated population in July 2020: 2,034 (+11.7% change)
Males: 895 (49.1%), Females: 926 (50.9%)
Zip code: 31329
Median resident age: 36.4 years
Median household income: $36,544
Median house value: $79,400
Races in Springfield:
- White Non-Hispanic (75.3%)
- Black (22.1%)
- Hispanic (2.0%)
- Other race (0.8%)
Ancestries: United States (11.8%), German (8.7%), Irish (7.9%), English (7.0%), French (2.7%), Italian (2.5%).
Land area: 2.1 square miles
For population 25 years and over in Springfield
- High school or higher: 64.8%
- Bachelor’s degree or higher: 16.9%
- Graduate or professional degree: 4.5%
- Unemployed: 2.2%
- Mean travel time to work: 31.9 minutes
For population 15 years and over in Springfield city
- Never married: 22.0%
- Now married: 55.3%
- Separated: 2.8%
- Widowed: 10.6%
- Divorced: 9.3%
0.5% Foreign born
Population change in the 1990s: +352 (+24.0%).
Hospital/medical center in Springfield:
- EFFINGHAM COUNTY HOSPITAL (GA HIGHWAY 119)
Other hospitals/medical centers near Springfield:
Airports certified for carrier operations nearest to Springfield:
Other public-use airports nearest to Springfield:
Colleges and Universities
Colleges/universities with over 2000 students nearest to Springfield:
- ARMSTRONG ATLANTIC STATE UNIVERSITY (about 28 miles; SAVANNAH, GA; Full-time enrollment: 3,945)
- SAVANNAH COLLEGE OF ART AND DESIGN (about 32 miles; SAVANNAH, GA; Full-time enrollment: 4,565)
- GEORGIA SOUTHERN UNIVERSITY (about 33 miles; STATESBORO, GA; Full-time enrollment: 12,724)
- SOUTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY (about 82 miles; ORANGEBURG, SC; Full-time enrollment: 3,971)
- AUGUSTA TECHNICAL COLLEGE (about 86 miles; AUGUSTA, GA; Full-time enrollment: 2,300)
- UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH CAROLINA AT AIKEN (about 88 miles; AIKEN, SC; Full-time enrollment: 2,636)
- AUGUSTA STATE UNIVERSITY (about 91 miles; AUGUSTA, GA; Full-time enrollment: 3,778)
Public high school in Springfield:
- EFFINGHAM COUNTY HIGH SCHOOL (Students: 1,356; Location: 1589 HIGHWAY 119 SOUTH; Grades: 09 – 12)
Public primary/middle schools in Springfield:
- SPRINGFIELD ELEMENTARY SCHOOL (Students: 624; Location: 300 OLD DIXIE HWY; Grades: PK – 05)
- EFFINGHAM COUNTY MIDDLE SCHOOL (Students: 612; Location: 1290 HIGHWAY 119 SOUTH; Grades: 06 – 08)
- THE ARK ALTERNATIVE SCHOOL PROGRAM (Location: 434 WALLACE DRIVE; Grades: 00 – 00)