+239 is the dialing code for Sao Tome and Principe.
The islands of São Tomé and Príncipe form together with a number of smaller islands in the Gulf of Guinea’s second smallest state. For over 450 years they were a Portuguese colony. The southern European heritage is clearly visible on both the population and the architecture. Cocoa is largely the only export product, but at sea the government hopes to find large oil deposits.
- Abbreviationfinder: Brief profiles of Sao Tome and Principe, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
The islands of São Tomé and Príncipe are located just north of the equator in the Gulf of Guinea, about 50 miles straight west from Gabon on the west coast of Africa.
The main island of São Tomé is 14 miles south of the smaller island of Príncipe. The islands consist of extinct volcanoes overgrown with rainforests. The country also includes some smaller islands: Cabras, Tinhosas, Rôlas, Caroço and Bombom.
São Tomé and Príncipe’s climate is tropical with high heat and humidity. The rainy season extends from October to May.
|Cultivated land||50.7 %|
|Land area||964 km 2|
Population and health
|Population development||1.84 ‰|
|Urban population (Urbanization)||65.1 %|
|Death rate||7.24 per 1000 residents|
|Life expectancy: Women||65.92 years|
|Life expectancy: Men||63.27 years|
|Birth rate||34.23 births per 1000 residents|
|Infant mortality||47.88 deaths / 1000 births|
Population Graph Source: Countryaah.com
|Electricity, production||million kWh|
|Energy consumption per inhabitant||kg. oil per resident|
|Natural gas, production||million cubic meters|
|Crude oil, production||million tons|
|Internet users||24.7 per 100 residents|
|Mobile subscriptions||67 per 100 residents|
|Passenger cars||per 1000 residents|
Business and economics
|Unemployment||13.5% of the workforce|
|GDP||3200 per resident|
FACTS – GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
1 001 km2 (2018) 1
Swedish –1 hour
Capital with number of residents
São Tomé on the island of São Tomé 68,000, Santo António on the island of Príncipe 1300 (estimated 2012)
Other major cities
Trindade 8 400, Santo Amaro 8 300 (Sources: Allcitypopulation.com)
Pico de São Tomé (2,024 m asl)
Average Precipitation / month
São Tomé 150 mm (March), 1 mm (July)
Average / day
São Tomé 31 °C (March), 28 °C (July)
- The main island of São Tomé covers 854 square kilometers ofSources
Support money from the World Bank
The World Bank presents a rescue package of $ 1.9 billion to be distributed among 25 developing countries. The money is a contribution to the fight against the spread of the new corona virus, which caused a pandemic. Of the rescue package, $ 2.5 million goes to São Tomé & Príncipe, which at the time reported no case of the covid-19 viral disease.