+507 is the dialing code for Panama.
Panama forms the southernmost part of the land tongue that binds North and South America together. The country is characterized by the Panama Canal, the strategically important waterway between the Atlantic and the Pacific. For a long time, Panama consisted of two units: the country itself and the channel zone controlled by the United States. Since 2000, Panama also has full control over the channel, which is the backbone of the country’s economy. Ship traffic through the canal generates large revenue.
- Abbreviationfinder: Brief profiles of Panama, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
The Republic of Panama is the southeastern and narrowest part of the nose that connects North America with South America. The country, which is slightly smaller than Svealand, has long coasts to the Caribbean in the north and the Pacific in the south. There are many islands on both sides.
Panama is mountainous, with lowland on the coasts. Towards Costa Rica to the west, there are single volcanoes, even active ones, at just over 3,000 meters altitude. Earthquakes are not uncommon. In the middle of the country there is a low land corridor between the mountains. Here, in 1914, the Panama Canal was opened between the two seas.
Although pastures and crops have displaced large parts of the tropical rainforest, forests still cover almost half of the total land area. The rain forest in the border regions against Colombia in the east, Darién, is known for a variety of animal and plant species.
The climate is tropical, warm and humid, with insignificant temperature variations throughout the year. Most of the precipitation falls during the rainy season from April to December.
|Cultivated land||30.5 %|
|Land area||75420 km 2|
Population and health
|Population development||1.32 m|
|Urban population (Urbanization)||66.6 %|
|Death rate||4.81 per 1000 residents|
|Life expectancy: Women||81.39 years|
|Life expectancy: Men||75.67 years|
|Birth rate||18.32 births per 1000 residents|
|Infant mortality||10.41 deaths / 1000 births|
Population Graph Source: Countryaah.com
|Electricity, production||8361 million kWh|
|Energy consumption per inhabitant||1109.1 kg. oil per resident|
|Natural gas, production||million cubic meters|
|Crude oil, production||million tons|
|Internet users||48.4 per 100 residents|
|Mobile subscriptions||172 per 100 residents|
|Passenger cars||132 per 1000 residents|
Business and economics
|Unemployment||4.5% of the workforce|
|GDP||21800 per resident|
|Primary occupations||17 %|
|Secondary profession||18.6 %|
|Tertiary professions||64.4 %|
FACTS – GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
75 517 km2 (2018)
Swedish –6 hours
Adjacent country (s)
Colombia, Costa Rica
Capital with number of residents
Panama City about 1,300,000 (with suburbs, Sources: Allcitypopulation.com)
Other major cities
Colón 220,000, David 145,000 (2013 estimate)
Volcán Barú (3,475 m asl)
Average Precipitation / year
Panama City 1 700 mm, Colón 3 175 mm
Average / day
coastal areas 23–27 °C
Martinelli arrested in the United States
Police in the US state of Florida seize Ricardo Martinelli. The former president has sought asylum in the United States but is now being placed in a federal prison. He is suspected of corruption and spying on political opponents.
Panama breaks with Taiwan
The government announces that Panama only recognizes “a China” and that Taiwan is part of it. As a result, Panama follows China’s line and breaks with Taiwan to establish diplomatic relations with Beijing instead. The change was expected, not least as China has invested heavily in Panama in recent years.
Former dictator Manuel Noriega dies, 83 years old. Noriega was moved from prison to house arrest in January ahead of a planned operation to remove a brain tumor.
New arrest warrant for Martinelli
Interpol issues a new arrest warrant for ex-president Ricardo Martinelli, now on charges of $ 59 million in bribes that must have been paid by Brazilian construction giant Odebrecht during his presidency (see also June 2016). Martinelli’s two sons are also wanted for receiving bribes from Odebrecht. The construction company has acknowledged that bribes have been paid in Panama and nine other Latin American countries.
Demonstration against corruption
Thousands of people take part in a protest against corruption, after revelations that Brazilian construction giant Odebrecht paid millions for public contracts in Panama. Odebrecht has admitted before a US court that it has paid $ 788 million in bribes in twelve countries. The company will pay $ 3.5 billion in damages for the record.