Macedonia Area Code

+389 is the dialing code for Macedonia.

Northern Macedonia is located on the Balkan Peninsula and was one of six sub-republics in former Yugoslavia. It used to be called only Macedonia but changed its name in 2019 after a protracted conflict with Greece. The change of name opened the way for membership in NATO and for negotiations that will eventually lead to membership in the EU as well.

  • Abbreviationfinder: Brief profiles of Macedonia, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.

Geography and climate

North Macedonia Area Code

The Republic of Northern Macedonia lies on the Balkan Peninsula and is on the surface somewhat smaller than the Dalarna. The country was the southernmost of the six sub-republics of former Yugoslavia and is part of the historic region of Macedonia. Northern Macedonia has a largely inland climate.

When independence was proclaimed in 1991, it was done under the name of Macedonia, but it vigorously protested Greece, for historical reasons (see Foreign Policy and Defense). The name change came into effect in February 2019.

  • Beautypically: General information about North Macedonia, covering geography, climate, travel tips and popular sights.

The landscape is predominantly mountainous. In the northwest lies the Šarbergen, where the country’s highest peaks are found. To the south, the Jablanica mountain range extends. Minor earthquakes occur, but no major earthquake has hit the country since the capital Skopje was destroyed in 1963. The mountain landscape is divided by the river Vardar, which flows from northwest to southeast and via Greece into the Aegean Sea. At the border with Albania and Greece in the southwest are the lakes Ohrid and Prespa. Northern Macedonia lacks the sea coast.

Most of the country has hot and dry summers. In the valley of the river Vardar a mild Mediterranean climate is prevalent and in the mountainous regions the winter months can be cold with plenty of snow. The rainfall is evenly distributed throughout the year, but the valleys usually receive less than 500 millimeters of precipitation per year, so agriculture needs irrigation.

Country Facts


Cultivated land 44.3 %
Land area 25713 km 2

Population and health

Population development 0.2 ‰
Urban population (Urbanization) 57.1 %
Death rate 9.08 per 1000 residents
Life expectancy: Women 78.79 years
Life expectancy: Men 73.44 years
Birth rate 11.55 births per 1000 residents
HDI index 0.728
Population 2096015
Infant mortality 7.7 deaths / 1000 births

Population Graph Source:


Electricity, production 4569 million kWh
Energy consumption per resident 1434.4 kg. oil per resident
Natural gas, production million cubic meters
Crude oil, production million tons


Internet users 51.1 per 100 residents
Mobile subscriptions 110 per 100 residents
Passenger cars per 1000 residents

Business and economics

Unemployment 26.9% of the workforce
GDP 14000 per resident
Primary occupations 16.7 %
Secondary profession 26 %
Tertiary professions 57.3 %



25,713 km2 (2018)



Adjacent country (s)

Kosovo, Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece, Albania

Capital with number of residents

Skopje 507,000

Other major cities

Kumanovo, Bitola, Tetovo

Highest mountain

Korab (2,764 m asl)

Important rivers


Largest lake

Ohrid, Prespa

Average Precipitation / year

Shovel 500 mm

Average / day

Skopje 0 °C (Jan), 24 °C (July)



Trouble over the state budget

A bitter conflict erupts between the government and opposition on the state budget for 2013. The opposition rejects foreign loans to meet the budget and demands cuts. During a heated budget debate on Christmas Eve, riots erupt in parliament, leading to opposition members and journalists being ejected by security guards. The budget is then adopted with 64 votes to 4. The opposition boycott Parliament and calls on its supporters for protests and civil disobedience. Demonstrations require government resignation and new elections.

No date for negotiations with the EU

At the EU Foreign Minister’s meeting, Macedonia does not receive, as was hoped, a date for a start of membership negotiations. The country must first resolve the name issue with Greece. It must also re-establish good neighborly relations with Bulgaria – different interpretations of the shared history led to a dispute between the countries during the autumn. The dispute led Bulgaria to halt Macedonia’s negotiations for EU membership until further notice.


Islamists are suspected of murder

Since five ethnic Macedonians were killed on a lake off Skopje in April, police have seized 20 suspected Islamists, most of them Macedonian Albanians who have fought NATO forces in Afghanistan and Pakistan.


Peace march after unrest

The largest Albanian political parties call for peace between the peoples. In Skopje, a voluntary organization organizes a peace march that brings together around 2,000 participants, including President Ivanov.


Ethnic violence shakes the country

In Gostivar, two Albanians are killed in a dispute with a Macedonian police, triggering revenge actions by Albanian youth against Macedonians in a number of locations in the country, mainly in Skopje. Many are injured in the clashes that last for several weeks. About 30 young people are arrested.