+389 is the dialing code for Macedonia.
Northern Macedonia is located on the Balkan Peninsula and was one of six sub-republics in former Yugoslavia. It used to be called only Macedonia but changed its name in 2019 after a protracted conflict with Greece. The change of name opened the way for membership in NATO and for negotiations that will eventually lead to membership in the EU as well.
- Abbreviationfinder: Brief profiles of Macedonia, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
The Republic of Northern Macedonia lies on the Balkan Peninsula and is on the surface somewhat smaller than the Dalarna. The country was the southernmost of the six sub-republics of former Yugoslavia and is part of the historic region of Macedonia. Northern Macedonia has a largely inland climate.
When independence was proclaimed in 1991, it was done under the name of Macedonia, but it vigorously protested Greece, for historical reasons (see Foreign Policy and Defense). The name change came into effect in February 2019.
The landscape is predominantly mountainous. In the northwest lies the Šarbergen, where the country’s highest peaks are found. To the south, the Jablanica mountain range extends. Minor earthquakes occur, but no major earthquake has hit the country since the capital Skopje was destroyed in 1963. The mountain landscape is divided by the river Vardar, which flows from northwest to southeast and via Greece into the Aegean Sea. At the border with Albania and Greece in the southwest are the lakes Ohrid and Prespa. Northern Macedonia lacks the sea coast.
Most of the country has hot and dry summers. In the valley of the river Vardar a mild Mediterranean climate is prevalent and in the mountainous regions the winter months can be cold with plenty of snow. The rainfall is evenly distributed throughout the year, but the valleys usually receive less than 500 millimeters of precipitation per year, so agriculture needs irrigation.
|Cultivated land||44.3 %|
|Land area||25713 km 2|
Population and health
|Population development||0.2 ‰|
|Urban population (Urbanization)||57.1 %|
|Death rate||9.08 per 1000 residents|
|Life expectancy: Women||78.79 years|
|Life expectancy: Men||73.44 years|
|Birth rate||11.55 births per 1000 residents|
|Infant mortality||7.7 deaths / 1000 births|
Population Graph Source: Countryaah.com
|Electricity, production||4569 million kWh|
|Energy consumption per inhabitant||1434.4 kg. oil per resident|
|Natural gas, production||million cubic meters|
|Crude oil, production||million tons|
|Internet users||51.1 per 100 residents|
|Mobile subscriptions||110 per 100 residents|
|Passenger cars||per 1000 residents|
Business and economics
|Unemployment||26.9% of the workforce|
|GDP||14000 per resident|
|Primary occupations||16.7 %|
|Secondary profession||26 %|
|Tertiary professions||57.3 %|
FACTS – GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
25,713 km2 (2018)
Adjacent country (s)
Kosovo, Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece, Albania
Capital with number of residents
Skopje 507,000 (Sources: Allcitypopulation.com)
Other major cities
Kumanovo, Bitola, Tetovo
Korab (2,764 m asl)
Average Precipitation / year
Shovel 500 mm
Average / day
Skopje 0 °C (Jan), 24 °C (July)
Trouble over the state budget
A bitter conflict erupts between the government and opposition on the state budget for 2013. The opposition rejects foreign loans to meet the budget and demands cuts. During a heated budget debate on Christmas Eve, riots erupt in parliament, leading to opposition members and journalists being ejected by security guards. The budget is then adopted with 64 votes to 4. The opposition boycott Parliament and calls on its supporters for protests and civil disobedience. Demonstrations require government resignation and new elections.
No date for negotiations with the EU
At the EU Foreign Minister’s meeting, Macedonia does not receive, as was hoped, a date for a start of membership negotiations. The country must first resolve the name issue with Greece. It must also re-establish good neighborly relations with Bulgaria – different interpretations of the shared history led to a dispute between the countries during the autumn. The dispute led Bulgaria to halt Macedonia’s negotiations for EU membership until further notice.
Islamists are suspected of murder
Since five ethnic Macedonians were killed on a lake off Skopje in April, police have seized 20 suspected Islamists, most of them Macedonian Albanians who have fought NATO forces in Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Peace march after unrest
The largest Albanian political parties call for peace between the peoples. In Skopje, a voluntary organization organizes a peace march that brings together around 2,000 participants, including President Ivanov.
Ethnic violence shakes the country
In Gostivar, two Albanians are killed in a dispute with a Macedonian police, triggering revenge actions by Albanian youth against Macedonians in a number of locations in the country, mainly in Skopje. Many are injured in the clashes that last for several weeks. About 30 young people are arrested.