+370 is the dialing code for Lithuania.
Lithuania is the southernmost and largest of the three Baltic countries. Lithuania was the Baltic country that made the strongest opposition to the Soviet occupation power and was the first of all Soviet republics to declare independence in 1990. Nowadays, Lithuania is both EU and NATO member and one of the countries that strongly opposes what they perceive as an aggressive Russian policy.
- Abbreviationfinder: Brief profiles of Lithuania, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
As one of countries that start with L, Lithuania is the southernmost and largest of the three Baltic countries. It borders in the east to Belarus, in the south to Poland, in the southwest to the Russian area of Kaliningrad and in the north to Latvia.
Lithuania is largely a lowland, but some landscapes, especially western Lithuanian Žemaitija, are beautifully hilly. There are many lakes in the country.
The almost 10 km long Baltic Sea coast to the west is a single uninterrupted sandy beach with, among other things, the Kuriska nose (Kuršių nerija), a narrow land tongue that separates the large shallow beach lake Kuriska lagoon (Kuršių marios) from the Baltic Sea.
Lithuania is approximately on Skåne’s latitude and has vegetation and wildlife with a central European feel.
|Cultivated land||44.8 %|
|Land area||65300 km 2|
Population and health
|Population development||-1.04 ‰|
|Urban population (Urbanization)||66.5 %|
|Death rate||14.27 per 1000 residents|
|Life expectancy: Women||80.46 years|
|Life expectancy: Men||69.24 years|
|Birth rate||10.1 births per 1000 residents|
|Infant mortality||3.84 deaths / 1000 births|
Population Graph Source: Countryaah.com
|Electricity, production||3927 million kWh|
|Energy consumption per resident||2468.8 kg. oil per resident|
|Natural gas, production||million cubic meters|
|Crude oil, production||million tons|
|Internet users||70.3 per 100 residents|
|Mobile subscriptions||152 per 100 residents|
|Passenger cars||560 per 1000 residents|
Business and economics
|Unemployment||8.2% of the workforce|
|GDP||28400 per resident|
|Primary occupations||7.9 %|
|Secondary profession||19.6 %|
|Tertiary professions||72.5 %|
The coastal climate prevails near the Baltic Sea, while the inland climate prevails further east with colder winters and warmer summers than in Sweden.
In the west, relatively much rainfall falls, especially just inside the coast in the summer. Along the Baltic Sea coast and on the Kuriska nose, the hours of sunshine are many, around 1,860 hours a year.
The climate has become warmer in recent decades. In July, the average temperature is almost 20 degrees, with peaks above 30 degrees. At the same time, the January chill inland can temporarily reach below 30 degrees.
FACTS – GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
65,300 km2 (2018)
Swedish + 1 hour
Adjacent country (s)
Latvia, Belarus, Poland, Russia (Kaliningrad region)
Capital with number of residents
Vilnius 540 600
Other major cities
Kaunas 358,000, Klaipéda 186,000, Šiauliai 128,400, Panevežys 111,000 (2012 estimate)
Aukštojas (294 m asl)
Average Precipitation / year
Vilnius 699 mm
Average / day
Vilnius -5 °C (Jan), 17 °C (July)
Lithuania faces so-called Magnitskijlag
Adopts legislation which means that people in other countries accused of human rights violations and corruption can be subject to sanctions such as entry bans; The law is based on the so-called Magnitsky law that was passed in the United States in 2012 to enable action against Russian officials and oligarchs linked to the death of Sergei Magnitsky. Russian lawyer Sergei Magnitsky was imprisoned and murdered in 2009 after revealing fraud and corruption among high-ranking Russian civil servants. Canada and Estonia, for example, have also adopted versions of the law.
Lithuania violated the rights of terror suspects
Lithuania is convicted by the European Court of Justice for violating the ban on torture. Together with Romania, Lithuania will pay over € 100,000 in damages to two prisoners in the US prison Guantánamo. The suspected terrorists were tortured in secret prisons run by the US intelligence agency CIA in, for example, Lithuania and Romania. The government of Lithuania, which claims that no secret prison has not existed on Lithuanian land, announces in August that it intends to appeal the verdict.
Lithuania joins the OECD
Lithuania is accepted as a member of the OECD. It is a few years later than Estonia and Latvia, which joined 2010 and 2016, respectively. As an OECD member, Lithuania hopes to attract more foreign investors to the country.
Russian diplomats are expelled
Lithuania expels three Russian diplomats as a result of a nerve poisoning attack on a Russian former spy and his daughter in the UK in early March. It is taking place in concerted action with some 20 countries, mainly in the EU, in solidarity with the British government accusing Russia of being behind the attack. In total, over 100 Russian diplomats are expelled, 60 of whom are from the United States. Moscow denies all involvement in the poison attack and threatens with countermeasures.