+1 is the dialing code for Jamaica.
Jamaica in the Caribbean is strongly associated with reggae music and the rasta movement. Both music and religion have meant a lot to the Jamaicans’ identity and to the tourism on the island. The welfare systems are well developed, but the social problems are still great with poverty, drug addiction and high crime rates. The emigration from Jamaica is great, there are about as many Jamaicans living abroad as in their home country.
- Abbreviationfinder: Brief profiles of Jamaica, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
Jamaica is located in the Caribbean and is roughly the same size as Skåne. It is part of the Greater Antilles archipelago, along with the significantly larger islands of Cuba and Hispaniola (with Haiti and the Dominican Republic), as well as the US territory of Puerto Rico.
The central parts of Jamaica are mountainous and wooded, as are the east, where the Blue Mountains boast the highest peaks. To the west, the mountain country turns into a limestone plateau with partially difficult terrain. Cockpit Country in the northwest is a so-called karst landscape full of cavities, caves and underground streams. Along the coasts to the west and south, the country is flat. From the mountains flow many battle rivers.
Jamaica has a tropical climate with high and even temperature all year round, although it is cooler at higher altitudes. The climate is characterized by the sea and the wind gusts from the northeast.
At the coasts it is constantly warm and humid, while the temperature in the mountains in their places can drop to just a few plus degrees.
|Cultivated land||41.4 %|
|Land area||10991 km 2|
Population and health
|Population development||0.68 ‰|
|Urban population (Urbanization)||54.8 %|
|Death rate||6.7 per 1000 residents|
|Life expectancy: Women||75.24 years|
|Life expectancy: Men||71.93 years|
|Birth rate||18.16 births per 1000 residents|
|Infant mortality||13.37 deaths / 1000 births|
Population Graph Source: Countryaah.com
|Electricity, production||4041 million kWh|
|Energy consumption per resident||1036.3 kg. oil per resident|
|Natural gas, production||million cubic meters|
|Crude oil, production||million tons|
|Internet users||49.8 per 100 residents|
|Mobile subscriptions||98 per 100 residents|
|Passenger cars||188 per 1000 residents|
Business and economics
|Unemployment||14% of the workforce|
|GDP||8800 per resident|
|Primary occupations||17 %|
|Secondary profession||19 %|
|Tertiary professions||64 %|
The rainfall is unevenly distributed. The pass winds give the island’s northeast side about five times as much rain as the south coast. Precipitation occurs between May and November, but it mostly rains in the fall. Then hurricanes also often pull in over Jamaica. Earthquakes also occur.
FACTS – GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
10,991 km2 (2018)
Swedish –6 hours
Adjacent country (s)
Capital with number of residents
Kingston 584 600 (with suburbs)
Other major cities
Portmore 182,200, Spanish Town 162,000, Montego Bay 110,000 (Census 2011)
Blue Mountain Peak (2,256 m asl)
Rio Minho, Black river, Rio Cobre
Average Precipitation / year
1980 mm (Kingston 800 mm)
Average / day
Kingston 24 °C (Jan), 27 °C (July)