Interstate 77 or I -77 is an Interstate Highway in the U.S. state of Ohio. The highway forms a north-south route in the east of the state, running from Marietta at the West Virginia border to Cleveland. The route is 262 kilometers long.
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I-76/77 at Akron.
I-77 between Akron and Cleveland.
At Marietta, Interstate 77 in West Virginia crosses the Ohio border via a mile-long bridge over the Ohio River. The highway then runs in 2×2 lanes through wooded and slightly hilly area to the north. There are no major towns in this part of the state, and I-77 is a quiet road here. Also, no important roads are crossed for the first 70 kilometers. At the height of the town of Cambridge one crosses the Interstate 70, the highway of Columbusto Wheeling. There is little interchange between the two highways, because the routes are not in line with each other. After Cambridge you still pass through hilly area, although the hills are not much higher than a few hundred meters. At the village of Newcornerstown you cross US 36, a main road from Newark to Uhrichsville. A little further you pass the town of New Philadelphia, where you cross the US 250, a diagonal highway from Wooster to Wheeling.
The first major city on the route is Canton, a city of 80,000 inhabitants plus a suburban area. The city crosses US 30, an east-west highway from Mansfield to East Liverpool on the Pennsylvania border . Near the center of Canton, the highway has 2×3 lanes. On the north side of town, US 62 exits for Alliance and Youngstown. North of the city the road narrows again to 2×2 lanes. Canton’s suburban area merges almost directly into that of Akron, a larger city of 208,000 inhabitants, which, together with Canton, forms an agglomeration of 1.1 million inhabitants. Akron and Canton are also sometimes included in the Cleveland metropolitan area, which is a little further north.
In Akron, the road widens to 2×3 lanes, and just south of the center, it crosses Interstate 277, a highway connecting Interstate 76 to the west and US 224 to the east. On the south side of downtown runs I-76, the highway from the town of Seville toward Youngstown and Pittsburgh. The I-77 lifts along the I-76 along the center, and briefly has 2×4 lanes here. On the west side of Akron, I-77 turns north again, passing the western suburbs of Akron.
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I-77 at Fairlawn, between Akron and Cleveland.
Between the suburbs of Akron and Cleveland there is only a vague boundary, mainly formed by Cuyahoga National Park. At Richfield one crosses Interstate 271, Cleveland ‘s eastern bypass. I-77 then narrows to 2×2 lanes, crossing Interstate 80, which runs from Chicago to New York. One then enters Cleveland’s more sparsely built outer suburbs, which are built in forest areas. After a few exits the road widens to 2×3 lanes. Brooklyn Heights crosses Interstate 480, an east-west connection through suburban Cleveland. This nodeis a stack node. One then enters the old industrial areas along the Cuyahoga River. A second stack interchange crosses Interstate 490, a shorter east-west route through southern Cleveland. Not far after that, I-77 ends at downtown Cleveland on Interstate 90, the highway from Chicago to Boston.
In Cleveland, the predecessor of I-77 was US 21, in 1940 a cloverleaf opened to traffic in the south of the city. This cloverleaf is now located northeast of the star interchange with I-480 and is no longer part of I-77. In February 1950 the construction of the current highway to the center began, in 1962 the plans were extended to the Innerbelt (I-90). This stretch opened to traffic on January 17, 1966. In 1973, I-77 was widened to 2×3 lanes to meet Interstate Highway design requirements.
Outside of Cleveland, the first section of what would later become I-77 was a short stretch of US 21 around Montrose and Ghent, between Akron and Cleveland. This 4-kilometer section opened to traffic in 1959. At the time, US 21 was already largely equipped with four lanes, but ran west of Akron. North from Akron to the Ohio Turnpike, I-77 is constructed mostly directly over US 21. Also, the Cleveland section was an upgrade from US 21 closer to downtown.
In the 1960s the highway was opened in fragments, in 1966 the last section between Canton and Akron opened to traffic. The first major rural opening came about 1969, when a long stretch between Marietta and Byesville was opened and I-77 in southeastern Ohio was completed. Also in 1969, the missing section between Strasburg and Canton opened. Circa 1970/1971, the last portion of I-77 opened south of Akron, leaving two more short missing links, northwest of Akron, which opened in 1973, and in the Cleveland metro area that opened in 1976.
|Exit 136 Copley (OH-21)||Exit 138 Ghent||4 km||circa 1959|
|Exit 104 Canton (US 30/62)||Exit 107 Akron (US 62)||5 km||circa 1962|
|Exit 125 (East)||Exit 129 (west)||6 km||circa 1962|
|Exit 46 Cambridge||Exit 54 Kimbolton||13 km||about 1964|
|Exit 81 New Philadelphia||Exit 87 Strasburg||10 km||about 1964|
|Exit 107 Akron (US 62)||Exit 118 Green||19 km||about 1964|
|Exit 138 Ghent||Exit 145 Richfield||11 km||about 1964|
|Exit 41 Byesville||Exit 46 Cambridge||8 km||about 1965|
|Exit 118 Green||Exit 120 Portage Lakes||3 km||about 1965|
|Exit 129 (west)||Exit 131 Akron (OH-162)||3 km||about 1965|
|Exit 120 Portage Lakes||Exit 125 (East)||8 km||about 1966|
|Exit 131 Akron (OH-162)||Exit 133 Fairlawn||3 km||about 1966|
|Exit 157 Cuyahoga Heights||Exit 163||10 km||about 1966|
|West Virginia state line||Exit 6 Marietta||10 km||circa 1967|
|Exit 6 Marietta||Exit 41 Byesville||56 km||about 1969|
|Exit 73 Stone Creek||Exit 81 New Philadelphia||13 km||about 1969|
|Exit 87 Strasburg||Exit 104 Canton (US 30/62)||27 km||about 1969|
|Exit 145 Richfield||Exit 149 Brecksville||6 km||about 1969|
|Exit 54 Kimbolton||Exit 73 Stone Creek||31 km||about 1971|
|Exit 149 Brecksville||Exit 153 Independence||6 km||about 1971|
|Exit 133 Fairlawn||Exit 136 Copley (OH-21)||5 km||about 1973|
|Exit 153 Independence||Exit 157 Cuyahoga Heights||6 km||about 1976|
I-77 at Akron.
|Exit 0 West Virginia state line||Exit 104 US 30 Canton||2×2||167 km|
|Exit 104 US 30 Canton||Exit 125 I-76 Akron||2×3||34 km|
|Exit 125 I-76 Akron||Exit 129 I-76 Akron||2×4||6 km|
|Exit 129 I-76 Akron||Exit 138 Ghent||2×3||14 km|
|Exit 138 Ghent||Exit 149 Brecksville||2×2||18 km|
|Exit 149 Brecksville||Exit 153 Independence||2×3||6 km|
|Exit 153 Independence||Exit 155 I-480 Cleveland||2×4||3 km|
|Exit 155 I-480 Cleveland||Exit 163 I-90 Cleveland||2×3||13 km|
Some 19,000 vehicles cross the West Virginia border every day. This drops to 15,000 vehicles further north. 24,000 vehicles drive per day on I-70, but this hardly changes before and after this highway due to the limited interaction between the two highways. In Canton this rises to 85,000 vehicles per day. In Akron, the peak is at 121,000 vehicles per day. Between Akron and Cleveland, this drops to 53,000 vehicles, before rising to 130,000 in Cuyahoga Heights. 79,000 vehicles travel daily to the end of I-77 near downtown Cleveland.