+238 is the dialing code for Cape Verde.
Cape Verde is a democratically controlled republic. Stability has made this island nation off the west coast of Africa one of the region’s most developed countries. The residents have a relatively high standard of living, thanks to foreign aid and income from tourism and fishing. However, many cutting values still live abroad. It is the result of a history of extensive emigration due to long periods of drought and famine.
- Abbreviationfinder: Brief profiles of Cape Verde, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
Cape Verde is located in the Atlantic Ocean, about 50 miles outside Senegal on the west coast of Africa. The country consists of 15 islands with a total land area of Gästrikland size. Only nine of the islands are populated. The capital Praia is located on the largest island, São Tiago. Other major islands are Santo Antão, Boa Vista, Fogo and São Nicolau.
Cape Verde is mountainous and rocky. All the islands – except the low-lying Sal, Boa Vista and Maio in the east – rise up steeply and high out of the Atlantic. The landscape is deeply scarred by volcanic activity and soil erosion (erosion). On Fogo lies the active volcano Pico do Cano, whose peak at 2,829 meters above sea level is the highest point in the country.
The vegetation is sparse. Only here and there is the barren landscape broken by green areas, usually banana cultivations or oases.
Cape Verde is divided into two geographical regions: northern Barlavento and southern Sotavento. The division is based on the region’s position in relation to the northeast winds that almost always blow over the archipelago.
|Cultivated land||18.6 %|
|Land area||4033 km 2|
Population and health
|Population development||1.36 m|
|Urban population (Urbanization)||65.5 %|
|Death rate||6.11 per 1000 residents|
|Life expectancy: Women||74.19 years|
|Life expectancy: Men||69.58 years|
|Birth rate||20.33 births per 1000 residents|
|Infant mortality||23.45 deaths / 1000 births|
Population Graph Source: Countryaah.com
|Electricity, production||307 million kWh|
|Energy consumption per inhabitant||214 kg. oil per resident|
|Natural gas, production||million cubic meters|
|Crude oil, production||million tons|
|Internet users||39.7 per 100 residents|
|Mobile subscriptions||114 per 100 residents|
|Passenger cars||101 per 1000 residents|
Business and economics
|Unemployment||12% of the workforce|
|GDP||6500 per resident|
Cape Verde is located in the arid Sahel region and periodically suffers severe drought. Rain usually falls only for two or three months a year. Between 1968 and 1984 the rainfall almost completely disappeared.
The surrounding sea gives the country a consistent temperature year round; as low as an average of 22 degrees in February, as high as 27 degrees in September.
The northeast passage dominates with northeast winds all year round. At the beginning of the year, winds often bring sand and dust from the Sahara.
FACTS – GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
4,033 km2 (2018)
Swedish – 2 hours
Adjacent country (s)
as an island republic lacking Cape Verde neighboring countries
Capital with number of residents
Praia 132,000 (Sources: Allcitypopulation.com)
Other major cities
Mindelo 77 500 (Estimated 2010)
Pico do Cano (2,829 m asl)
Hall 10 mm (April-June), 34 mm (Sept)
Sal 21 °C (Feb), 27 °C (Sept)
Outbreak of dengue fever
An outbreak of tropical fever dengue leads to the introduction of emergency permits throughout the country. When the spread is at its worst, over a thousand people get sick every day. The entire population is mobilized, together with police and military, to eradicate the mosquitoes that spread the disease. Staff from the World Health Organization WHO arrive to assist in the work. It is the first known dengue epidemic in Cape Verde.
Visit by US Secretary of State
Hillary Clinton makes a trip to seven African countries, including Cape Verde.