+257 is the dialing code for Burundi.
Little Burundi in central Africa is a densely populated country with a large majority of Hutus and a minority of Tutsis. Burundi’s modern history is characterized by violent conflicts between the two ethnic groups, which have cost hundreds of thousands of Burundians their lives. In 2005 the country was given a new constitution which prescribes the division of power. When the Hut-dominated government tried to change the balance of power in 2015, new unrest broke out. The economy is based on coffee exports and external assistance.
- Abbreviationfinder: Brief profiles of Burundi, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
Burundi in East Central Africa is one of the continent’s smallest countries. The landscape is dominated by a high plateau of 1,500-2,000 meters. Burundi is located just south of the equator and is part of the tropical climate zone.
In western Burundi, the mountains descend steeply towards a low-lying strip of land that runs along Lake Tanganyika and neighboring Congo-Kinshasa. The Ruzizi River forms a border with Congo-Kinshasa and links Lake Tanganyika with Lake Kivus.
Previously, most of Burundi was covered by wooded savanna, but the trees have been cut down and used as firewood and timber and the ground is heavily fenced by tambourine. Most wild animals are extinct.
Although Burundi is located in the tropical climate zone, the high altitude means that most of the country has a pleasant climate. In the lowlands to the west, however, it is hot and humid. Rainy periods occur March – May and September – December.
|Cultivated land||73.3 %|
|Land area||27830 km 2|
Population and health
|Population development||3.28 ‰|
|Urban population (Urbanization)||12.1 %|
|Death rate||9.27 per 1000 residents|
|Life expectancy: Women||61.78 years|
|Life expectancy: Men||58.45 years|
|Birth rate||42.01 births per 1000 residents|
|Infant mortality||61.89 deaths / 1000 births|
Population Graph Source: Countryaah.com
|Electricity, production||202 million kWh|
|Energy consumption per resident||kg. oil per resident|
|Natural gas, production||million cubic meters|
|Crude oil, production||million tons|
|Internet users||1.4 per 100 residents|
|Mobile subscriptions||31 per 100 residents|
|Passenger cars||6 per 1000 residents|
Business and economics
|Unemployment||% of the workforce|
|GDP||800 per resident|
|Primary occupations||93.6 %|
|Secondary profession||2.3 %|
|Tertiary professions||4.1 %|
FACTS – GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
27,834 km2 (2018)
Swedish +1 hour
Adjacent country (s)
Rwanda, Tanzania, Congo-Kinshasa
Capital with number of residents
Gitega about 42,000
Other major cities
Bujumbura about 1,000,000 (UN estimate 2020); Ngozi
Heha (2,670 m asl)
Bujumbura 110 mm (April), 10 mm (July)
Bujumbura 24 °C (Jan), 22 °C (July)
- Gitega became the formal capital of 2018. Before that, Bujumbura with about 1 million residents (2020) was the capital.Sources
Many dead in massacres
At least 36 people are murdered at a bar in Gatumba, about a mile west of Bujumbura. According to survivors, some of the attackers wore military camouflage clothing. The massacre is the worst individual act so far since the violence escalated after the disputed elections in 2010.
Attacks in Bujumbura
Unknown militia carry out armed attacks in Bujumbura.
New demands on political parties
Parliament adopts a law that tightens the demands on the political parties’ membership numbers and working methods. The Ministry of the Interior shall monitor that the parties comply with their statutes. The law is handed over to the President for signature.