+43 is the dialing code for Austria.
Austria is dominated by beautiful mountain views. But the country is also penetrated by the Danube, an important trade route for the Central European industrialized country. The Social Democrats and the bourgeois People’s Party have long dominated politics but in recent decades have lost voters to especially the right-wing populist and immigrant Christian party FPÖ. The party’s successes in the 2017 election led to it being able to form a government with the People’s Party.
- Abbreviationfinder: Brief profiles of Austria, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
Austria consists of almost two-thirds of mountains. The Alps extend from the border with Switzerland in the west to Vienna in the east, where the country turns into a plain landscape. On the surface, Austria is not much bigger than Svealand, but still borders on eight nations.
The Alps are divided into three mountain ranges separated by marked valleys in the east-west direction. In the middle chain lies the Grossglockner massif with the country’s highest peak and the largest glacier.
The Danube flows through northern Austria on its way east towards the Black Sea. The lowland area of the Wiener Basin is spreading in the northeast. Other important rivers such as Inn, Salzach, Enns, Mur and Drau are all tributaries to the Danube.
Of the many lakes in the country, the most famous and scenic are in the Salzburg area and in the state of Carinthia in the south. Largest is Lake Neusiedler at the border with Hungary. A small part of Lake Constance, at the border with Germany and Switzerland, belongs to Austria.
|Cultivated land||38.4 %|
|Land area||83871 km 2|
Population and health
|Population development||0.55 ‰|
|Urban population (Urbanization)||66 %|
|Death rate||9.42 per 1000 residents|
|Life expectancy: Women||84.15 years|
|Life expectancy: Men||78.76 years|
|Birth rate||9.41 births per 1000 residents|
|Infant mortality||3.45 deaths / 1000 births|
Population Graph Source: Countryaah.com
|Electricity, production||64740 million kWh|
|Energy consumption per resident||3927.6 kg. oil per resident|
|Natural gas, production||1244 million cubic meters|
|Crude oil, production||million tons|
|Internet users||83.7 per 100 residents|
|Mobile subscriptions||150 per 100 residents|
|Passenger cars||578 per 1000 residents|
Business and economics
|Unemployment||5.3% of the workforce|
|GDP||47300 per resident|
|Primary occupations||5.5 %|
|Secondary profession||26 %|
|Tertiary professions||68.5 %|
Austria has a temperate continental climate. The rainfall is abundant, not least in the west and can locally amount to 2,000 millimeters per year.
Due to the highly varying altitude conditions, there are large differences in temperature and precipitation sometimes also between neighboring places.
The lowland areas of the Danube valley in the north and the plain in the east have more continental climate with cold summers, hot summers and relatively little rainfall. In the south-east, the climate is affected by the proximity to the Mediterranean; here summers longer and warmer. In the alpine areas, the rich rainfall provides large amounts of snow in the winter.
FACTS – GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
83 858 km2 (2018)
Adjacent country (s)
Germany, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovenia, Italy
Capital with number of residents
Vienna 1 524 000
Other major cities
Graz 226 400, Linz 186 300, Salzburg 144 800, Innsbruck 113 800, Klagenfurt 90 300 (2001)
Grossglockner (3798 m asl)
Average Precipitation / month
Vienna 38 mm (Jan), 63 mm (July)
Average / day
Vienna -0.7 °C (Jan), 19.7 °C (July)