Australia Population

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Australia is 25,466,459, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 25,466,459
Population growth rate 1.40%
Birth rate 12.10 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 81.98 years
Men life expectancy 79.55 years
Women life expectancy 84.54 years
Age structure
0-14 years 17.75%
15-64 years 65.81%
65 years and above 16.44%
Median age 38.40 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 1.01
Population density 3.29 residents per km²
Urbanization 92.00%
predominantly European (mainly British and Irish) origin, 2% Asians (mainly Chinese and Vietnamese), 2.5% indigenous population (Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders)
Anglicans 26.1%; Catholics 26%; Other Christians 24.3%; non-Christians 11%; Others 12.6%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.938
HDI ranking 6th out of 194

People in Australia

About 24 million people live in Australia. Most of them are descendants of those who at some point immigrated from Europe, especially Great Britain. In addition to the British, people from Italy, Germany, Poland and the Balkans also emigrated to Australia. More than a million people in Australia have German ancestors.

In addition, there are immigrants from Asia such as Indians, Pakistanis or Sinhalese. Even today, many people immigrate to Australia. Since the beginning of the last century, the number of immigrants from Asia has exceeded that of Europeans.

Australia is 21.5 times the size of Germany. So it has a very low population compared to its size.

Most of the people live in the big cities of Australia

The birth rate is increasing in Australia and people’s life expectancy is high. Most people live in cities like Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth or Adelaide. Over a million people live here, in Sydney and Melbourne even more than 4 million. By the way, Australia is the country with the most people living in cities: 89 out of 100 Australians live in a city.

The parts of the country in the interior of Australia are almost uninhabited. Living conditions here are harsh and there is often a lack of water to survive. That is why most of the people settled in the cities. 92 out of 100 people come from Europe, 7 out of 100 from Asia.

Who lived in Australia first?

Only two out of 100 residents of Australia belong to the Aborigines, the original population (read: Aborridschinis). That’s about half a million people. But the name Aborigine does not come from them, the Europeans named them that way. Therefore, the original residents of Australia do not use the term themselves.

For this reason, the term indigenous people is now used more often. The different tribes also have different names like Yolngu, who live in the north, Murri, who live in the east or Wonghi in the west. Then there are the Koori from the southeast, Nanga from the south and a few more.

These tribes have lived in Australia for a long time and have their own culture and language. Before the Europeans settled the Australian continent, the locals lived there in harmony with nature. They adapted to the harsh conditions of the desert country. But the Europeans destroyed this culture.

Second class people

The Europeans saw “second class” people in the native population and destroyed their livelihoods. The British had declared the country to be Terra Nullius, i.e. land that was supposedly uninhabited. As a result, the original population had no rights that they could claim. For a long time the Aborigines had to fight for their rights, which they were denied. You can find out more about it in everyday life and in history and politics.

Languages in Australia

The official language is English. In addition, around 50 native languages ​​have been preserved. However, Australian English differs a bit from British or American English.

Religions in Australia

Most Australians are Christians, but there are also few Buddhists, Muslims and Hindus. Some of the indigenous population still lives their original belief in nature.

Australia Overview

Australia, the world’s sixth-largest country, is situated in the Southern Hemisphere, surrounded by the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Famous for its vast and diverse landscapes, Australia boasts stunning natural wonders such as the Great Barrier Reef, Uluru (Ayers Rock), and the iconic Sydney Opera House. Its unique wildlife, including kangaroos, koalas, and wombats, attracts nature enthusiasts from around the globe. With vibrant cities like Sydney, Melbourne, and Brisbane offering a blend of cosmopolitan culture, art, and cuisine, Australia is a melting pot of experiences waiting to be explored.

  • Capital City: Canberra
  • Population: Approximately 25 million
  • Area: 7,692,024 square kilometers
  • Full Country Name: Commonwealth of Australia
  • Currency: Australian Dollar (AUD)
  • Language: English
  • ISO Country Codes: AU, AUS

Bordering Countries of Australia

Australia is a large island nation located in the southern hemisphere with a total land border length of 8,906 km. It is bordered by several countries including Indonesia to the north, East Timor to the northwest, and Papua New Guinea to the east. To the south lies the Great Australian Bight while to the west lies the Indian Ocean.

Indonesia is Australia’s closest neighbor to the north and has been an important trading partner for many years due to its proximity and shared maritime borders. The two countries have close ties that date back centuries when they were both part of the Dutch East Indies trading network. This relationship has continued throughout the years as both countries have worked together to promote economic growth, regional stability, and cultural exchange in their area.

East Timor is another major trading partner of Australia due to its proximity and shared maritime borders as well as their history of cooperation on various political issues such as environmental protection, energy production, drug trafficking prevention etc. Both countries have strong international relations which help ensure that there is no conflict between them or with other neighboring countries over political or economic issues that could affect any one country’s interests or security.

Papua New Guinea shares a long land border with Australia to the east and has been an important trading partner for many years due to its proximity and shared maritime borders. This region has been important for trade between Europe and Oceania since ancient times and continues to be an important economic partner for both countries today. Papua New Guinea also plays an important role in promoting cultural exchange between Europe, Oceania, South Asia, and Southeast Asia through its many festivals, events, and cultural exchanges that occur throughout the year.

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