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What is City?

city is an urban complex, made up of a large number of buildings and complex road systems, with a very large and dense population, whose main economic activities are associated with industry and services. The word, as such, comes from the Latin civĭtascivitātis.

The city, in this sense, is the urban development that enjoys greater importance in relation to towns, villages, hamlets, villages and hamlets, which are comparatively smaller population centers with fewer inhabitants.

The criteria for considering an urban settlement as a city vary from country to country. However, the factors that are usually addressed are the number of inhabitants (large), the population density (high), the type of economic activities prevailing (non-agricultural), and their political, economic and geostrategic importance.

On the other hand, the concept of the city can also be understood in political-administrative terms, as an urban axis that submits to the government of a city hall or city council.

The major cities of the world are usually organized under a metropolitan scheme, where, around an urban nucleus, a series of urban dependencies are articulated economically and administratively that have been developing in their adjacencies. This type of urban organization is called the metropolitan area. Some of the largest metropolitan areas in Latin America are those of Mexico City, São Paulo, in Brazil; Buenos Aires, in Argentina or Bogotá, in Colombia.

The Latin American cities have the characteristic that evolved from the colonial settlements founded by the Spaniards during the period of the conquest.

City State

The city-state is called the type of city that constitutes a state in itself, with an independent political system and its own legislation, but with a territory that barely covers the extension of a city. Its origins are traced back to the ancient city-states of Mesopotamia. In Ancient Greece, for example, Athens was long a city-state. Today, Vatican City is an example of a contemporary city-state.

Sustainable city

sustainable city is a concept of urban development established in Agenda 21, an action plan promoted by the United Nations (UN) for the 21st century. As such, the sustainable city is a type of urban complex characterized by being governed by standards of respect for the environment that adhere to the principles of sustainable development. The sustainable city, in this sense, plans its urban and territorial development, tries to respect the cycles of natural resources, and creates and protects green spaces, all with the aim of having a city that offers and guarantees a better quality of life. environmental not only for present generations, but also for future generations.

University City

As a university cityIt is called the urban complex consisting of a set of buildings specifically intended for teaching at the university level. As such, it is located in a clearly defined and differentiated territory from the locality where it is located. An example would be the University City of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). It can also be called a university city whose population is predominantly student, and whose economic and cultural activities are strongly linked to the university. Ancient university cities of the world, in this sense, are considered Oxford, in England; Salamanca, in Spain or Coimbra, in Portugal. In Latin America, some examples would be Pamplona, ​​in Colombia, and Mérida, in Venezuela.

What is City

 

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