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Area Codes in United Arab Emirates


In just half a century, the seven small absolute monarchies of the Persian Gulf that make up the United Arab Emirates have undergone an unlikely transformation. Even in the 1950s, these small desert states were poor hooks that depended on fishing and smuggling, but then they found oil and money began to flow in. The present state was formed in 1971–1972 and today has a material standard of living that is few countries pacified. Democracy, on the other hand, is far away. The planning for a life after the oil has, above all, made the emirate Dubai a trade and entertainment center with several of the world's most spectacular buildings.
  • Abbreviationfinder: Brief profiles of United Arab Emirates, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.

Geography and climate

The United Arab Emirates is located in the eastern part of the Arabian Peninsula. The country covers most of the Musandam Peninsula, which borders the Persian Gulf from the Gulf of Oman and the Indian Ocean. However, the peninsula tip and a small landslide in the east belong to neighboring Oman.

The United Arab Emirates has a long coast towards the Persian Gulf (by Arabs called the Arabian Gulf) and a shorter one towards the Gulf of Oman.

The country is a federation of seven Sheikh reviews or emirates: Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ras al-Khayma, Ajman, Fujayra and Umm al-Qaywayn. The largest, Abu Dhabi, covers just over four-fifths of the surface and is located in the southwestern part of the country with a coast towards the Persian Gulf. Northeast of Abu Dhabi are Dubai and Sharjah. The other four significantly smaller emirates are located further further north-east on the Musandam Peninsula. Most of the emirates are divided into more than one area and the boundaries between them are partially unclear.

Overall, the emirate is somewhat smaller on the surface than Svealand.

Geography and climate of United Arab Emirates

The landscape consists mainly of rolling sandy deserts with scattered fertile oases, of which al-Buraymi and al-Ayn are the largest. Along the coast of the Musandam Peninsula towards the Oman Bay, the Hajar Mountains run with peaks exceeding 1,000 meters. In the interior of the peninsula, stone and mountain deserts dominate. The coastline is in many places pervaded by river-like coves, where most cities are located. Large parts of the coast of Abu Dhabi consist of salt marshes, so-called sabkha.

The United Arab Emirates has a hot tropical desert climate. At the coast, the air is humid while the inland is dry and hotter than the coastal areas. Between May and October is extremely hot with temperatures up to 50 degrees in the shade. In the desert, the temperature difference is large between day and night. The scarce rainfall falls almost exclusively during the winter months.


77,700 km2 (2018)


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Adjacent country (s)

Oman, Saudi Arabia

Capital with number of inhabitants

Abu Dhabi (1.1 million, metropolitan area 2014)

Other major cities

Dubai (2.2 million, 2014 estimate), Sharja (919,000, 2010 estimate)

Highest mountain

Jebel Hafit (1166 m asl)


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