In just half a century, the seven small absolute
monarchies of the Persian Gulf that make up the United
Arab Emirates have undergone an unlikely transformation.
Even in the 1950s, these small desert states were poor
hooks that depended on fishing and smuggling, but then
they found oil and money began to flow in. The present
state was formed in 1971–1972 and today has a material
standard of living that is few countries pacified.
Democracy, on the other hand, is far away. The planning
for a life after the oil has, above all, made the
emirate Dubai a trade and entertainment center with
several of the world's most spectacular buildings.
Brief profiles of United Arab Emirates, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
The United Arab Emirates is located in the
eastern part of the Arabian Peninsula. The country
covers most of the Musandam Peninsula,
which borders the Persian Gulf from the Gulf of Oman and
the Indian Ocean. However, the peninsula tip and a small
landslide in the east belong to neighboring Oman.
The United Arab Emirates has a long coast towards the
Persian Gulf (by Arabs called the Arabian Gulf) and a
shorter one towards the Gulf of Oman.
The country is a federation of seven Sheikh reviews
or emirates: Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ras al-Khayma,
Ajman, Fujayra and Umm al-Qaywayn. The largest, Abu
Dhabi, covers just over four-fifths of the surface and
is located in the southwestern part of the country with
a coast towards the Persian Gulf. Northeast of Abu Dhabi
are Dubai and Sharjah. The other four significantly
smaller emirates are located further further north-east
on the Musandam Peninsula. Most of the emirates are
divided into more than one area and the boundaries
between them are partially unclear.
Overall, the emirate is somewhat smaller on the
surface than Svealand.
The landscape consists mainly of rolling sandy
deserts with scattered fertile oases, of which al-Buraymi
and al-Ayn are the largest. Along the coast of the
Musandam Peninsula towards the Oman Bay, the Hajar
Mountains run with peaks exceeding 1,000 meters. In the
interior of the peninsula, stone and mountain deserts
dominate. The coastline is in many places pervaded by
river-like coves, where most cities are located. Large
parts of the coast of Abu Dhabi consist of salt marshes,
The United Arab Emirates has a hot tropical desert
climate. At the coast, the air is humid while the inland
is dry and hotter than the coastal areas. Between May
and October is extremely hot with temperatures up to 50
degrees in the shade. In the desert, the temperature
difference is large between day and night. The scarce
rainfall falls almost exclusively during the winter
77,700 km2 (2018)
Swedish + 3 hours
Adjacent country (s)
Oman, Saudi Arabia
Capital with number of inhabitants
Abu Dhabi (1.1 million, metropolitan area 2014)
Other major cities
Dubai (2.2 million, 2014 estimate), Sharja (919,000,
Jebel Hafit (1166 m asl)