The fertile Uganda, located at the equator in
East Africa, was one of Africa's richest countries after
independence in 1962. But in less than a decade,
prosperity disappeared because of disobedience and
dictatorship. The standard of living has gradually
increased and everyday life has become safer after
President Yoweri Museveni took power in 1986. Economic
reforms and ended conflicts have yielded results, but
the regime has become increasingly authoritarian and
dissatisfaction with Museveni's rule is growing.
Brief profiles of Uganda, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
The fertile Uganda is located in the heart of
Africa and is on the surface just over half as large as
Sweden. It is at least 80 miles from the country to the
nearest coast. Uganda's southern border is just south of
the equator. Uganda's geography is dominated by the East
African High Plateau, which rises 1000-1500 meters above
The high peaks of the Ruwenzori Massif, including the
country's highest peak Margherita, are snow-covered
year-round. Uganda's northern border with South Sudan is
the Imatong mountain range.
The high plateau consists mostly of savanna and bush
steppe. Tropical rainforests are growing on the
hillsides and adjacent to rivers and lakes. However, the
rain forest area has fallen sharply as trees have been
cut down to give way to new crops.
Almost one fifth of the country's surface area is
made up of lakes. The world's second largest lake, Lake
Victoria, shares Uganda with Kenya and Tanzania. Lake
Edward is located on the border with Congo-Kinshasa in
the southwest and Lake Albert is further north at the
same border. In the middle of the country lies the
shallow Kyoga Lake, which in its quarters is swamp land.
Uganda has nine major rivers. The Nile, the world's
longest river, has one of its sources in the Ugandan
part of Lake Victoria.
Uganda has a tropical climate, but as the country is
at high altitude above sea level, temperatures are lower
than in other countries around the equator. The average
temperature is around 20-25 degrees year-round.
The country generally receives plenty of rain,
although it has been hit by drought several times in
recent years and climate change also makes it more
difficult to predict when the rain will come.
It rains most in the area closest to Lake Victoria,
which receives more than 1,500 mm per year. Southern
Uganda has two rainy periods: April-May and
September-March. In the north, the two rainy periods
almost coincide, with a dry period from December to
March. The only significant dry area is Karamoja in the
In the Ruwenzori massif there are some of the few
glaciers that are close to the equator. However, reports
indicate that the ice is melting and that the glaciers
in the Ruwenzi Mountains are believed to have
disappeared completely by 2030.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
241,551 km2 (2018)
Swedish + 2 hours
Adjacent country (s)
Congo-Kinshasa, South Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda
Capital with number of inhabitants
Kampala 1.7 million (estimate 2019)
Other major cities
Mbarara, Mukono, Nansana, Gulu
Margherita (Mount Stanley) (5110 m asl)
The White Nile
Lake Victoria, Lake Albert, Lake Edward, Kyoga Lake
Average Precipitation / month
Kampala 250 mm (April), 60 mm (July-September)
Average / day
Kampala 21 °C (July), 23 °C (Jan)
LGBT activist receives award
Kasha Nabagesera is one of four award winners in the 2015 Right Livelihood
Award for her fight for LGBT people's rights in Uganda.
New presidential candidate
On the same day that President Museveni registers as presidential candidate,
Amama Mbabazi announces that he will leave the NRM and stand in the presidential
election as an independent candidate.
Terror leader handed over
Jamil Mukulu, leader of the Islamic militia ADF (see Modern History and
July 2014), is extradited from Tanzania where he was arrested
in April. He is to be tried in Uganda, where he is charged with, among other
things, terrorism and murder. He is held responsible for the deaths of hundreds
of civilians and charged with crimes against humanity and mass murder.
More candidates for the presidential election
Opposition leader Besigye signs up as a candidate in the presidential
election. He is in the UK and submits his application documents through a
representative. One of his party mates, FDC chairman Mugisha Munta, says he is
also thinking of running.
The President is being challenged by a dismissed minister
In mid-June, former Prime Minister Amama Mbabazi announces that he is
challenging Museveni and wants to become NRM's candidate in the 2016
Negotiations on free trade agreements
Uganda and 25 other countries agree on a new free trade agreement, the
Tripartite Free Trade Area, which covers most of Africa between Egypt in the
north and South Africa in the south. However, before the agreement can come into
force, negotiations are required and the agreement is approved by the
parliaments of the countries.
City prosecutors are murdered
At the end of the month, State Prosecutor Joan Kagezi is shot dead by unknown
assailants. Kagezi led the charge against the 13 al-Shabaab members suspected of
the 2010 terror attack in Kampala, when 76 people were killed (see July
The Minister of Finance is asking for more money
In early March, Finance Minister Matia Kasaija requests an additional
appropriation of the equivalent of $ 270 million for the 2014/2015 financial
Opposition politicians are placed under house arrest
David Sejusa is placed under house arrest when his home is surrounded by
police. He is accused of breaking the agreement with the government (see
December 2014). After talks between Sejusa and President Museveni, the
house arrest is set aside.
LRA leaders arrested in Central African Republic
The United States claims at the beginning of the month to have arrested
Dominic Ongwen, an LRA commander, at the level of Joseph Kony, in the Central
African Republic. Central African rebels say he was captured by them and demands
the ransom of up to five million dollars promised by the United States. Since
2005, Ongwen has been wanted by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against
humanity. He will be sent to court on January 20.