Togo is located on the coast of West Africa. The
country's long narrow form testifies to its past as a
buffer zone between French and British interests. Until
the end of the First World War, this was a German
colony. Thereafter, the area was ruled by France until
independence in 1960. For 38 years, Togo was ruled by
President Gnassingbé Eyadéma, who in 2005 was succeeded
by his son Faure Gnassingbé. Phosphate and cotton
exports form the basis of the country's economy.
Brief profiles of Togo, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
Togo in West Africa takes the form of a
narrow corridor, between 5 and 16 km wide, which extends
from the Atlantic coast about 60 km in a northerly
direction. The country's short coast consists mainly of
sandy beaches. The climate in Togo is tropical.
In the east, Togo shares border with Benin and in the
west with Ghana. Neighboring north is Burkina Faso.
On the coast there are several lagoons and lakes,
including Lake Togo which gave the country its name (togo
means just lake or lagoon in the largest native language
ewe). Within the coastal area there is a swampy plain,
which is mostly covered by tropical rainforest.
The middle parts of the country consist of hilly
savannah. Here are also the highest mountains that are
the foothills of the Atakora Mountains in Benin. In the
north, the country declines again and turns into steppe
land. Several rivers flow through Togo, including Oti in
the north and Mono in the south.
In the north, the rainy season falls between June and
September, while the southern part of the country has
two rainy periods: April-June and September-October. In
December and January, the dry desert wind blows the
Harmattan into Togo.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
56,785 km2 (2018)
Swedish –1 hour
Adjacent country (s)
Ghana, Burkina Faso, Benin
Capital with number of inhabitants
Lomé 1 785 300 (UN estimate 2019)
Other major cities
Socode, Kara, Kpalimé
Mont Agou (985 m asl)
Oti, Mono, Kara
Average Precipitation / year
about 870 mm
Average / day
Lome 27 °C (Jan), 24 °C (July)
Governing Unir wins its own majority
The parliamentary elections are held in relatively calm forms, after some
unrest during the electoral movement. Among other things, a demonstration was
triggered when the authorities temporarily shut down a radio station that is
close to the opposition after it reported alleged electoral fraud. The official
election results show that Unir wins 62 out of 91 seats, giving the ruling party
a two-thirds majority in the legislative assembly. Opposition coalition The
collective rescue of Togo wins 19 seats. It appeals the result in the
Constitutional Court, which considers that there is no evidence of electoral
fraud. Election observers from AU and Ecowas consider the election arrangements
Parliamentary elections in July
The government announces parliamentary elections until July 21. After
deliberations, most opposition parties decide to take part in the elections.
They have previously said that there are no conditions for free and fair
elections but changed since a number of incarcerated opposition politicians were