Tanzania is a union between the former
Tanganyika on the east coast of Africa and the Zanzibar
archipelago. In the mainland is Africa's highest
mountain Kilimanjaro and well-known national parks such
as Serengeti. Politically, Tanzania has become more
troubled since 2015 when authoritarian President John
Magufuli won government power. Despite mining and
tourism, small-scale agriculture is the foundation of
the poor country's economy.
Brief profiles of Tanzania, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Tanzania is located on the east coast of
Africa, just south of the equator. The country is more
than twice the size of Sweden and borders eight
countries. The climate shifts from the tropical monsoon
climate of the coast and the islands to the dry and warm
Tanzania is a union between a mainland part (formerly
Tanganyika) and the Zanzibar archipelago of the Indian
Ocean. Tanzania also includes the islands of Pemba,
which is part of Zanzibar, and the Mafia.
The mainland is dominated by a plateau landscape with
extensive steppes. Here are Africa's highest and lowest
points: Mount Kilimanjaro, whose summit rises almost
6,000 meters above sea level, and Lake Tanganyika, whose
bottom is 385 meters below sea level.
The central plateau is bounded to the east and west
by fault cracks associated with the huge Great Rift
Valley tomb, which runs from north to south throughout
East Africa. The long narrow lakes Tanganyika Lake and
Lake Malawi form a large part of the western and deepest
Along the Indian Ocean runs a coastal plain with
beautiful sandy beaches and coral reefs. Mangrove swamps
are often found around the larger estuaries. In southern
and western Tanzania there are larger forest areas,
covering almost a third of the country's area. On the
slopes around the Uluguru, Nguru and Usambara mountain
ranges to the east are small but important areas of
Wildlife is rich and largely untouched. In national
parks such as Serengeti live lions, elephants, buffalo,
leopards, rhinos, giraffes with several species. Huge
herds of wildebeest and zebras roam the savannah.
In most parts of Tanzania, the rainy season falls
between December and May, but in some areas there are
two shorter rainy periods, October – November and April
It rains less than is normal around the equator,
although the amount of rain can vary greatly year on
year. Reduced rainfall has helped the glacier at
Kilimanjaros peak shrink by 85 percent in a century.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
945 090 km2 (2018)
Swedish +2 hours
Adjacent country (s)
Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Congo-Kinshasa,
Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique
Capital with number of inhabitants
Dodoma 262,000 (official capital, seat of
parliament), Dar es Salaam 6,000,000 (with suburbs,
actual capital, seat of government) (UN estimate 2018)
Other major cities
Mwanza, Zanzibar, Mbeya, Arusha
Kilimanjaro (5,895 m asl)
Average Precipitation / year
Dodoma 572 mm
Average / day
Dodoma 24 °C (Jan), 19 °C (July)
Success for the opposition in local elections
Opposition parties are gaining ground in local elections, especially in
Fraud fraud at a high political level
Parliament dismisses two ministers and three high ranking officials,
including a state prosecutor, on suspicion of involvement in a major fraud scam;
Over $ 120 million has been unduly paid to a private energy company. The money
is suspected to have been in the pockets of the accused. The EU is suspending
its budget assistance to Tanzania because of the scandal.
Seven are burned to death for witchcraft
Twenty-three people are arrested on suspicion of having killed seven
villagers in the Kigoma region. The seven were burned to death because of
alleged witchcraft. About 500 people are killed each year in Tanzania, accused
of being witches, according to estimates by a human rights group.
The opposition must have a joint presidential candidate
The four opposition parties Chadema, CUF, NLD and NCCR enter into an
agreement to stand with a joint presidential candidate and a joint candidate for
the post of Vice President in the October 2015 presidential election.
Referendum on the Constitution in April 2015
The government announces that a referendum on a new constitution will be held
in April 2015. The opposition protests that its demand for a strengthened
federal system with limited presidential power is not included in the proposal
to which the referendum applies.
Thousands of refugees are granted citizenship
More than 162,000 Burundian refugees are granted Tanzanian citizenship after
decades of exile. Another 40,000 Burundian refugees will be granted citizenship
Restaurant is subject to attacks
Eight people are injured when an explosive charge is thrown at a restaurant
in Arusha. The restaurant is popular with foreign tourists and well-to-do
"Road construction through Serengeti illegal"
The East African Court (East African Court of Justice) states that the
government's plans to build a road through the Serengeti National Park are in
violation of the law. Over a million wild animals migrate through the nature
reserve annually. A number of environmental organizations welcome the decision.
Bomb attack in mosque
A Muslim religious leader loses his life and seven people are injured in a
bomb attack near a mosque in Stone Town, Zanzibar. The attack is linked to a
power struggle between Muslim groups.
Two ministers are dismissed
Police and military are accused of serious crimes committed during raids
against poachers, several of whom have been killed. The scandal leads to the
dismissal of the Minister of Defense and the Minister of the Interior.