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Area Codes in Swaziland

+268

The small kingdom of Swaziland (Eswatini) has a short border with Mozambique in the east and is otherwise surrounded by South Africa. The country was a British protectorate until independence in 1968. A power struggle between the ruling royal family and opposition parties has been going on for decades. The Kingdom is essentially an agricultural country, but many Swazis work in South Africa and send home money.
  • Abbreviationfinder: Brief profiles of Swaziland, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.

After independence from Britain, the kingdom retained the colonial name Swaziland. In 2018, the country formally changed its name to Eswatini (see fact box). In the Land Guide we stick to the established name Swaziland.

Geography and climate

Swaziland is about the same size as Värmland. The country borders the east to Mozambique and is otherwise surrounded by South Africa.

At the border with Mozambique, the Lebombo mountain range runs. From there, Swaziland slopes down to a warm and humid lowland, Låga Velden, which is followed by the Middle Velden with more pleasant climate and fertile soil. To the west, the country rises again to a grassy highland, Höga Velden.

Several rivers flow through Swaziland in the west-easterly direction, including Komati in the north and the great Usutu further south.

Heavy utilization of savanna and steppe areas for, among other things, sugar cane cultivation has depleted plant and animal life. Only a few specimens of leopard and impala and stone antelope are left.

Geography and climate of Swaziland

Swaziland has a warm, subtropical climate all year round. The warmest is in the eastern part of the lowland, Låga Velden. Most rain falls in the west, while the lowlands in the east get quite a bit of rainfall.

FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE

Surface

17 363 km2 (2018)

Time

Swedish +1 hour

Adjacent country (s)

South Africa, Mozambique

Capital with number of inhabitants

Mbabane 66,000 (2014 estimate)

Other major cities

Manzini

Important rivers

Komati, Usutu

Average Precipitation / year

1400 mm

Average / day

Mbabane 20 °C (Jan), 12 °C (July)

2010

September

Manifestations for democracy

A great manifestation of democratic reform is being held in Manzini. The day before, around 50 people were arrested during a similar demonstration.

June

Police raids against oppositionists

The police carry out raids against opposition groups, trade unions and voluntary organizations. An unknown number of people are arrested, accused of terrorism. A number of new blasts have preceded the arrests, but many suspect that the blast has in fact been planned by the police in order to blame democracy activists.

March

Opposition leaders call for sanctions

Pudemo's leader Mario Masuko urges the outside world to impose targeted sanctions on Swaziland. Foreign Minister Lutfo Dlamini describes the statement as "unfortunate".

 

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