In the north, Slovenia's beautiful alpine
landscape borders Austria, and in the southwest Slovenia
shares a coast with the Italian Trieste on the Adriatic.
Slovenia was the richest sub-republic of the former
Yugoslavia and became the first country in 2004 to gain
membership in the EU and NATO.
Brief profiles of Slovenia, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Slovenia is located where Central Europe
meets Southern and Eastern Europe and is roughly the
same size as Ångermanland. Alps occupy a large part of
the country which also has a short coast towards the
Adriatic Sea, the northernmost bay of the Mediterranean.
Climate conditions are very variable.
More than half the country is covered by forest. To
the north are three large mountain ranges. In the
northwest lies the Julian Alps that extend into Italy
and have the country's highest peak, Triglav. To the
east along the Austrian border follows the Caravans and
the Pohorje massif.
In the middle of the country lies Karst, an area that
has been named for the typical limestone terrain with
many caves dominating here. In the northeast towards
Hungary the terrain is low. In the southeast there is a
hilly area with good agricultural land that extends up
to the mountains around the river Sava. The four-mile
stretch of coastline lies on the Istrian peninsula,
which is mainly occupied by Croatia.
On the coast there is a Mediterranean climate with
hot summers and mild winters. The inner parts of the
country typically have an inland climate with cold
winters and hot summers. The high-lying areas are the
coldest, with snow in winter. The amount of rainfall
varies from 800 to 1,500 millimeters per year.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
20 253 km2 (2018)
Adjacent country (s)
Italy, Austria, Hungary, Croatia
Capital with number of inhabitants
Ljubljana 286,000 (estimate 2019)
Other major cities
Maribor 109,000, Crane 42,500, Celje 38,000 (estimate
Triglav (2,863 m asl)
Average Precipitation / year
Ljubljana 1 500 mm
Average / day
Ljubljana –1 °C (Jan), 21 °C (July)
Banks need close to EUR 5 billion
The central bank's stress tests show that the country's banks need a capital
injection of a total of EUR 4.8 billion. According to the European Commission,
Slovenia can cover that need on its own without taking external loans.
Compensation for "deleted"
Agrees that Yugoslav nationals who were removed from the registries in
connection with independence in 1991 should be reimbursed, in accordance with a
2012 decision of the European Court of Human Rights (see also Population and
Languages); Around 12,000 individuals meet the conditions and will receive € 50
for each month they were without citizenship, at a total cost to the state of
around € 130 million. The Court also ordered Slovenia to pay six people EUR
Crisis budget is approved
The government's crisis budget is debated for almost 20 hours in parliament
and is followed by a vote of confidence which the government clearly wins. Prime
Minister Bratušek's goal is that Slovenia will not have to take external loans,
but the country's crisis banks will need large capital injections.
Party leader fight in Positive Slovenia
Prime Minister Alenka Bratušek is challenged as leader of the Positive
Slovenia Party by former party leader Ljubljana's mayor Zoran Janković. As a
result, Bratušek threatens to step down as head of government, which could
trigger a new election just when the weak coalition is to make difficult
decisions about saving the country's crisis banks. To resolve the acute
political crisis, the ruling party is postponing the party congress planned in
Banks need capital injections
Slovenia's crisis banking sector is estimated to need € 7.5 billion in
capital injections, a sum equivalent to one-fifth of the country's GDP, despite
the government repeatedly pushing for capital in both state and private banks.
Slovenian banks have a high proportion of bad loans, which means that borrowers
are lagging with payments for more than 90 days.
Decision on privatization
Decides to privatize 15 state-owned companies, including telecom company
Telekom Slovenije, airline Adria Airways, ski manufacturer Elan, Ljubljana
International Airport and the country's second largest bank NKBM;
Constitutional change restricts referendums
24th of May
Parliament approves an amendment to the Constitution, with votes 86 to 1,
which restricts the use of referendums; Among other things, a rule is introduced
that at least 40,000 voters support the demand for a referendum, which reduces
the possibility for individual parliamentarians or trade unions to call
referendums without voter support. Furthermore, at least one fifth of voters
must participate in order for the result to apply. In addition, referendums must
not be called for laws relating to taxes, duties or the state budget, nor those
relating to national security, natural disasters or international agreements.
New law on balanced budgets
A "golden rule" is introduced which means that the budget must be in balance,
unless "extraordinary circumstances" prevail. It is valid from 2015.
New austerity measures will prevent emergency loans
The government decides on budget cuts, tax increases and privatizations with
the intention of avoiding seeking emergency loans from outside. Among other
things, VAT will be increased and state-owned companies sold out.
New government is formed
Alenka Bratušek forms a four-party government, which gets Parliament's
approval with 52 votes against 35. Slovenia has thus obtained its first female
Disbelief quotes trap Janša
Parliament votes to dismiss Janša and Positiva Slovenia's temporary leader
Alenka Bratušek given the task of forming a new government.
Government Party jumps off
The Citizens List abandons government cooperation after Prime Minister Jansa
rejected a demand that he resign after the corruption charges. The resignation
means that the government no longer has a majority in parliament. Within a few
weeks, Desus and the People's Party SLS also leave the government, which thus
controls only 30 of the 90 seats in parliament.
New protests against cuts
A new one-day strike among public employees is being carried out, with, among
other things, closed schools and limited hospital operations. Many also
participate in demonstrations in protest against wage cuts and layoffs in the
public sector. About 100,000 people are reported to be participating. The
protests increase the pressure on Jansa to resign.
Corruption investigators accuse Jansa and Janković
The Independent Anti-Corruption Commission announces that both Prime Minister
Janez Janša and opposition leader Zoran Janković have systematically and in
violation of the law failed to account for their assets to the Commission. The
Commission, which has investigated all party leaders, cannot take any action but
merely provides information. President Gregor Virant, leader of the Citizens
List, calls on both to step down.