West African Sierra Leone was built by freed
slaves under British supervision from the late 18th
century. After independence in 1961, the country became
a one-party state in 1978, after which mismanagement and
economic decay led to civil war throughout the 1990s.
The war became notorious for brutal attacks on the
civilian population. A record UN effort put an end to
the war, and with the UN's help, a democratic society
has been able to take shape.
Brief profiles of Sierra Leone, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Sierra Leone is located on the west coast of
Africa and borders south-east to Liberia and north and
east to Guinea; to the southwest is the Atlantic. The
land is on the surface somewhat smaller than Svealand.
Sierra Leone is one of the few countries in Africa
that has an archipelago-like coast. The low-lying
coastal region consists of lagoons, estuaries and long
ridges. During the rainy season, large parts of the
coastal plains are flooded.
Around the capital Freetown are steep mountains and
cliffs with a maximum height of almost 900 meters above
sea level. In the south, the landscape is characterized
by wooded hills. To the east lies the Loma Mountains
with heights of up to 2,000 meters above sea level.
Sierra Leone has a tropical rainforest and savannah
climate. The rainy season falls during May – October.
The climate is humid in West Africa; on the coast, up
to 5,000 mm of rain can fall annually. At the beginning
of the dry season, the dusty wind blows the Harmattan in
from the Sahara desert.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
71 740 km2 (2018)
Swedish - 1 hour
Adjacent country (s)
Capital with number of inhabitants
Freetown approximately 1.2 million (estimate 2019)
Other major cities
Kenema, Bo, Koidu and Makeni
Loma Mansa (Mount Bintumani) (1,945 yd)
Sewa, Mongo, Moa
Average Precipitation / month
Freetown 800 mm (Aug), 8 mm (Feb)
Average / day
Freetown 28 °C (March), 19 °C (July-Aug)
Tear gas against opposition supporters
During the celebration of the country's national day, a number of SLPP
supporters are arrested, according to police, because they were masked when they
walked out onto the street. The SLPP claims that they applied for permission to
celebrate outside their party headquarters, but received no such. National Day
is usually celebrated under carnival-like forms.
Abortion team on new referral
President Koroma decides not to sign the new abortion law passed by
Parliament unanimously (see November 2015 and January 2016). Instead, he passes
the law to the commission that reviews the country's constitution. He thus wants
to take the Commission's views into account if it is to be included in their
draft revised constitution.
The president rejects new abortion law
The new law has received criticism from both Christian and Muslim leaders. As
a result, President Koromo does not sign the new abortion law, which was passed
in November 2015, but sends it back to Parliament for a review. For now, the old
law of 1861, when Sierra Leone was a British colony, applies. It only allows
abortion if the mother's life is in danger.
New death in ebola
A woman in the northern part of the country is reported to have died in the
disease. A hundred people are quarantined.