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Area Codes in Sierra Leone


West African Sierra Leone was built by freed slaves under British supervision from the late 18th century. After independence in 1961, the country became a one-party state in 1978, after which mismanagement and economic decay led to civil war throughout the 1990s. The war became notorious for brutal attacks on the civilian population. A record UN effort put an end to the war, and with the UN's help, a democratic society has been able to take shape.
  • Abbreviationfinder: Brief profiles of Sierra Leone, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.

Geography and climate

Sierra Leone is located on the west coast of Africa and borders south-east to Liberia and north and east to Guinea; to the southwest is the Atlantic. The land is on the surface somewhat smaller than Svealand.

Sierra Leone is one of the few countries in Africa that has an archipelago-like coast. The low-lying coastal region consists of lagoons, estuaries and long ridges. During the rainy season, large parts of the coastal plains are flooded.

Around the capital Freetown are steep mountains and cliffs with a maximum height of almost 900 meters above sea level. In the south, the landscape is characterized by wooded hills. To the east lies the Loma Mountains with heights of up to 2,000 meters above sea level.

Sierra Leone has a tropical rainforest and savannah climate. The rainy season falls during May – October.

The climate is humid in West Africa; on the coast, up to 5,000 mm of rain can fall annually. At the beginning of the dry season, the dusty wind blows the Harmattan in from the Sahara desert.

Geography and climate of Sierra Leone



71 740 km2 (2018)


Swedish - 1 hour

Adjacent country (s)

Liberia, Guinea

Capital with number of inhabitants

Freetown approximately 1.2 million (estimate 2019)

Other major cities

Kenema, Bo, Koidu and Makeni

Highest mountain

Loma Mansa (Mount Bintumani) (1,945 yd)

Important rivers

Sewa, Mongo, Moa

Average Precipitation / month

Freetown 800 mm (Aug), 8 mm (Feb)

Average / day

Freetown 28 C (March), 19 C (July-Aug)



Tear gas against opposition supporters

April 27

During the celebration of the country's national day, a number of SLPP supporters are arrested, according to police, because they were masked when they walked out onto the street. The SLPP claims that they applied for permission to celebrate outside their party headquarters, but received no such. National Day is usually celebrated under carnival-like forms.


Abortion team on new referral

President Koroma decides not to sign the new abortion law passed by Parliament unanimously (see November 2015 and January 2016). Instead, he passes the law to the commission that reviews the country's constitution. He thus wants to take the Commission's views into account if it is to be included in their draft revised constitution.


The president rejects new abortion law

The new law has received criticism from both Christian and Muslim leaders. As a result, President Koromo does not sign the new abortion law, which was passed in November 2015, but sends it back to Parliament for a review. For now, the old law of 1861, when Sierra Leone was a British colony, applies. It only allows abortion if the mother's life is in danger.

New death in ebola

A woman in the northern part of the country is reported to have died in the disease. A hundred people are quarantined.


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