San Marino is called the world's oldest republic
and is the only remaining of the medieval city states on
the Italian peninsula. The country consists mainly of a
mountain located just inside Italy's east coast,
overlooking the Adriatic Sea. Tourism and sales of
stamps and coins are important sources of income. San
Marino is also a tax haven but has tightened its
financial rules following criticism from the outside
Brief profiles of San Marino, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
With a surface of 61 square kilometers, San
Marino is one of the world's smallest independent
states. The Republic is located on the eastern side of
the Italian peninsula, just over a mile from the
Adriatic Sea and with the seaside resort of Rimini as
the nearest major city.
Almost the entire area of the country is occupied
by the Titan Mountain and its slopes, part of the
Apennine mountain range. To the northeast, the landscape
is more flat.
San Marino has a Mediterranean climate with hot
summers and chilly winters. The temperature at night can
be below zero in winter.
61 km2 (2018)
Adjacent country (s)
Capital with number of inhabitants
San Marino 4,200 (2012) 1
Other major cities
Serravalle 10 50, Borgo Maggiore 6 600 (2012) 2
Monte Titano (739 m asl)
Data not available