The Caribbean nation of Saint Vincent and the
Grenadines consists of the main island of Saint Vincent
and the northern part of the archipelago of the
Grenadines. Full independence from the UK was achieved
in 1979. Previously dominant banana exports have
declined since the EU phased out favorable conditions.
Sailors and divers like to go to the beautiful beaches
of the Grenadines, but tourism is less developed than in
other Caribbean countries. Unemployment is high and the
problems are great with drug-related crime.
Brief profiles of St. Vincent and The Grenadines, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a small
nation in the small Antilles desert chain that separates
the Caribbean from the Atlantic. The country consists of
the mountainous volcanic island of Saint Vincent and
just over 30 smaller islands in the Grenadines
The mountains of Saint Vincent are largely covered by
tropical rainforests. The island, which makes up almost
nine-tenths of the country's surface, measures just
under twice three miles. To the north is the country's
highest point, the volcano La Soufrière. The last
eruption of the volcano occurred in 1979. The capital
Kingstown is located on the coast to the south.
The Grenadines are located between Saint Vincent and
Grenada, ten miles south. One third of the archipelago
belongs to Grenada. Both countries are part of the
Lovward Islands (Windward Islands) which make up the
southern part of the Little Antilles.
Many of the Grenadines have beautiful sandy beaches
with coral reefs outside. Seven of the islands belonging
to Saint Vincent and the Grenadines are inhabited:
Bequia, Mustique, Canouan, Mayreau, Union Island, Palm
Island and Petit Saint Vincent. (Sometimes eight islands
are counted, but the eighth, Young Island, is just a few
hundred meters outside Saint Vincent.)
The climate in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is
tropical and it is quite hot all year round. The pass
winds blowing from the northeast will give some
The rainy season is June-November. During the drier
period it is somewhat cooler. The mountainous, central
part of Saint Vincent gets more rainfall than the other
parts. At least rain falls in the south.
The land is on the edge of the Atlantic Hurricane
belt and often escapes the worst devastation that
afflicts islands further north. But the risk of
hurricanes and other natural disasters increases with
climate change, and like all small islands, Saint
Vincent is threatened by rising sea levels.
389 km2 (2018)
Swedish –5 hours
Capital with number of inhabitants
Kingstown 35,000 Residents with Suburbs (Estimated
Other major cities
Georgetown 1,700 (estimated)
La Soufrière (1234 m asl)