Little Rwanda in East Central Africa is a very
populous country. Competition for arable land
contributed to the genocide of hundreds of thousands of
Tutsis in 1994. Nowadays, Tutsis dominate politics. A
well-managed economy and a relatively limited corruption
have meant that Rwanda has received a lot of aid,
despite criticism of what is, in practice, one-party
rule. Export income mainly comes from coffee. Tourist
visits to mountain gorillas also make important
contributions to the Treasury.
Brief profiles of Rwanda, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Coastal Rwanda is located in eastern Central
Africa, just south of the equator. The land is on the
surface somewhat smaller than the Dalarna. Rwanda has a
To the west, Lake Kivus is a border with
Congo-Kinshasa. To the east, a mountain range rises that
extends farthest in the northwest into the Virung
volcanic mountains with peaks more than 4,000 meters
above sea level.
To the east, the mountains flatten out into a hilly
plateau with valleys filled with lakes and swamps. In
northeastern Rwanda, the savanna begins. The river
Kagera flows towards Lake Victoria and forms a border
The climate is warm and humid in the lowlands, while
it is cooler among the mountains. Most rain falls during
the periods March – April and October – December.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
26 338 km2 (2018)
Swedish +1 hour
Adjacent country (s)
Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, Congo-Kinshasa
Capital with number of inhabitants
Kigali 1,095,000 (with suburbs, UN estimate 2019)
Other major cities
Ruhengeri, Gisenyi, Butare
Karisimbi (4507 m asl)
Average Precipitation / month
Kigali 160 mm (April), 5 mm (July)
Average / day
Kigali 21 °C (Jan), 19 °C (July)
The French investigation is closed
The French investigation into the assassination of President Habyarimana in
April 1994 is closed for lack of evidence. Habyarimana was killed when his
aircraft was shot down, which became the start of the 1994 genocide. Seven
people in President Kagame's presence have been examined by French
investigators, which has contributed to the tense relations between France and
Rwanda's political leadership. The French investigation into the attack on the
presidential plan began in 1998 at the request of relatives of French crewmen
who were on board.
A Kigali court has freed human rights activist Diane Rwigara (and her mother)
from suspicions of rioting and fraud. Rwigara was disqualified as presidential
candidate a few weeks before the August 2017 election and was arrested a month
Regime critics are pardoned by Kagame
The imprisoned Victoire Ingabire, leader of the opposition party United
Democratic Forces (UDF), is pardoned by President Kagame and released
prematurely along with just over 2,100 other prisoners. In 2010, Ingabire was
sentenced to 15 years in prison for denying the genocide (she questioned the
government's version of the incident) and for conspiracy against the
Given election victory for FPR
General elections are held at 53 of the 80 seats in the Chamber of Deputies.
Alongside the ruling FPR and its seven allies, a single opposition party, the
Democratic Green Party, is allowed to participate. The result shows that FPR
with allies wins an expected grand victory, as they did in previous elections.
They receive 40 seats, which is one fewer than in the 2013 election. The
Democratic Green Party enters the House with 2 seats. As before, Rwanda's
parliament receives the highest proportion of women in the world, thanks to 24
seats reserved for female representatives. Two mandates go to young people and
one to disabled people. According to the Election Commission, turnout is high.
New agreements with China and India
When Chinese President Xi Jinping visits Kigali on a tour of Africa, Rwanda
and China sign 15 agreements, including cooperation, loans and assistance. The
total value of the agreements amounts to millions of dollars. The loans will be
used to build roads and to renovate hospitals and Bugesera Airport. Similar
agreements are made between Rwanda and India when Indian Prime Minister Narendra
Modi visits Kigali a day earlier. The visits and agreements show both Asian
countries' growing interest in Africa.
Academics are acquitted of lifetime murder
Linguistics professor Leopold Munyakazi is acquitted by an appeals court of a
life imprisonment sentence, which he was sentenced in July 2017 for direct
participation in the 1994 genocide. Conflicting testimony is why Munyakazi is
acquitted of the more serious crime.
Opposition politicians' property is auctioned off
Authorities have auctioned machine equipment worth $ 2 million in opposition
politician Diane Rwigara's family business (a tobacco factory). It has been made
to recover a $ 7 million tax liability. Rwigara, who was prevented by the
authorities from challenging Kagame in the 2017 presidential election, was
indicted in September of that year for state security violations and forgery.
Rwigara is currently in custody.
Mass graves from the genocide found
Four mass graves with remains after more than 200 Tutsis have been found by
residents in a village outside Kigali. The dead are victims of the 1994
genocide, the Rwandan Historical Center for the 1994 Genocide announces.
Free Trade Agreement in Africa
Rwanda is one of 44 countries to sign a Free Trade Agreement at the African
Union Summit in Rwanda. The agreement must be ratified at the national level
before the AFCFTA free trade area can become a reality, but it is seen as a
historically important step towards increased trade exchange within Africa.
Many killed in refugee camp attacks
Eleven refugees are killed and more than 20 injured as security forces strike
down protests against shrinking food rations in two refugee camps. Rwanda houses
up to 200,000 refugees from Congo-Kinshasa and Burundi in six camps. The aid
organizations operating in the camps have cut rations in turns, as they have
received only a few percent of the funds needed to help the refugees.
Fighting breaks out with Congo-Kinshasa
Fighting breaks out in the border areas of Congo-Kinshasa. The Congolese army
accuses Rwandan troops of crossing the border and states that six Congolese
soldiers have been killed in the fighting. Rwanda rejects the allegations and
claims that it is the Congolese who invaded Rwanda instead.