Panama forms the southernmost part of the land
tongue that binds North and South America together. The
country is characterized by the Panama Canal, the
strategically important waterway between the Atlantic
and the Pacific. For a long time, Panama consisted of
two units: the country itself and the channel zone
controlled by the United States. Since 2000, Panama also
has full control over the channel, which is the backbone
of the country's economy. Ship traffic through the canal
generates large revenue.
Brief profiles of Panama, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
The Republic of Panama is the southeastern
and narrowest part of the nose that connects North
America with South America. The country, which is
slightly smaller than Svealand, has long coasts to the
Caribbean in the north and the Pacific in the south.
There are many islands on both sides.
Panama is mountainous, with lowland on the coasts.
Towards Costa Rica to the west, there are single
volcanoes, even active ones, at just over 3,000 meters
altitude. Earthquakes are not uncommon. In the middle of
the country there is a low land corridor between the
mountains. Here, in 1914, the Panama Canal was opened
between the two seas.
Although pastures and crops have displaced large
parts of the tropical rainforest, forests still cover
almost half of the total land area. The rain forest in
the border regions against Colombia in the east, Darién,
is known for a variety of animal and plant species.
The climate is tropical, warm and humid, with
insignificant temperature variations throughout the
year. Most of the precipitation falls during the rainy
season from April to December.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
75 517 km2 (2018)
Swedish –6 hours
Adjacent country (s)
Colombia, Costa Rica
Capital with number of inhabitants
Panama City about 1,300,000 (with suburbs, estimated
Other major cities
Colón 220,000, David 145,000 (2013 estimate)
Volcán Barú (3,475 m asl)
Average Precipitation / year
Panama City 1 700 mm, Colón 3 175 mm
Average / day
coastal areas 23–27 °C
Martinelli arrested in the United States
Police in the US state of Florida seize Ricardo Martinelli. The former
president has sought asylum in the United States but is now being placed in a
federal prison. He is suspected of corruption and spying on political opponents.
Panama breaks with Taiwan
The government announces that Panama only recognizes "a China" and that
Taiwan is part of it. As a result, Panama follows China's line and breaks with
Taiwan to establish diplomatic relations with Beijing instead. The change was
expected, not least as China has invested heavily in Panama in recent years.
Former dictator Manuel Noriega dies, 83 years old. Noriega was moved from
prison to house arrest in January ahead of a planned operation to remove a brain
New arrest warrant for Martinelli
Interpol issues a new arrest warrant for ex-president Ricardo Martinelli, now
on charges of $ 59 million in bribes that must have been paid by Brazilian
construction giant Odebrecht during his presidency (see also June 2016).
Martinelli's two sons are also wanted for receiving bribes from Odebrecht. The
construction company has acknowledged that bribes have been paid in Panama and
nine other Latin American countries.
Demonstration against corruption
Thousands of people take part in a protest against corruption, after
revelations that Brazilian construction giant Odebrecht paid millions for public
contracts in Panama. Odebrecht has admitted before a US court that it has paid $
788 million in bribes in twelve countries. The company will pay $ 3.5 billion in
damages for the record.