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Area Codes in Oman

+968

The Sultanate of Oman is located in the southeast corner of the Arabian Peninsula. The country, which is mainly desert, is an absolute monarchy and has been governed by the Al Said family since the 18th century. Large oil resources have contributed to rapid development, but the economy is more varied than in several of the neighboring countries. Tourism is the fastest growing industry.
  • Abbreviationfinder: Brief profiles of Oman, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.

Geography and climate

Oman is located on the Arabian Peninsula and has a long coast towards the Indian Ocean in the east and towards the Oman Bay in the north. Two areas belonging to Oman are separated from the rest of the country by the United Arab Emirates.

One of the two areas is the mountainous outermost tip of the Musandam Peninsula, which extends into the strategically important Strait of Hormuz. The other is a small enclave, Wadi Madha, which lies further into the same peninsula.

The landscape comprises four-fifths of the inhospitable desert. The inland is dominated by a barren mountain and highland area, which is intersected by dried-up river valleys. The most important mountain range is the Hajar Mountains, which run parallel to the coast from the Musandam Peninsula along the Oman Bay. The strip of land between the mountains and the coast is called al-Batina and is the most densely populated area in Oman. The coast is lowland and relatively fertile. The difference between coast and inland has characterized the country's history.

Geography and climate of Oman

The border with Saudi Arabia in the west goes through the almost uninhabited sand desert al-Rub al-Khali. The province of Dhofar in the south is separated from the rest of the country by the desert and a wooded mountain range. The country also includes the Kuria-Muria Islands and the island of Masira.

The climate in Oman is subtropical with hot, dry summers and mild winters with rain. On the coast it is very hot and humid between April and September, while the winter season has a more pleasant climate.

Precipitation, which the southwest monsoon brings, falls mainly on the coast and in the southern province of Dhofar. The highland part of the hinterland also receives some rain.

Surface

212,500 km2 (2018)

Time

Swedish + 3 hours

Adjacent country (s)

United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Yemen

Capital with number of inhabitants

Musqat (125,000 inhabitants, estimated 2012)

Other major cities

Salala, al-Seeb, Mutrah, Suhar

Highest mountain

Jabal shams (3,018 m asl)

2011

October

Choice for the lower house

Elections are held for the consultative lower house.

September

Journalists receive imprisonment for insult

In September, two journalists are sentenced to five months in prison for insulting the country's Minister of Justice. Two newspapers are forced to close for a month to have published articles accusing the Justice Department of corruption.

June

Demonstrator is shot to death

A demonstrator is shot to death by police in connection with protest actions in favor of incarcerated activists.

May

The wave of protest rings off

When the protests ended, the Sultan issued 40 different decrees to meet the protesters' demands.

Increased powers for the police

The Sultan gives the police greater powers, among other things, to make it easier to arrest suspects.

The police go into tent camps

15th of May

Police disband a tent camp outside the parliament building in Musqat and 15-20 activists are arrested.

April

Clash in Suhar

April 1st

A demonstrator is killed and eight injured in clashes with police in the city of Suhar. Over 50 protesters are arrested.

March

Oman is promised financial support

Oman is promised $ 10 billion in financial support from the other five GCC members. The support will go to the government to create jobs, build housing and improve infrastructure, in response to protesters' demands.

The protest wave continues

As the protests continue despite the Sultan's promises, he responds by carrying out the largest government reform in 40 years. The response from the protesters is overwhelmingly positive, even though they require more ministers to resign.

February

Protest scales meet with government promises

The wave of protests in the Arab world, which has undergone authoritarian regimes in North Africa on a fall, also reaches Oman. At least one protester (according to some sources six people) has been killed since police opened fire in connection with protests in the port city of Suhar. Protests are also being conducted in Salala and Musqat. The government responds with promises of new jobs, an increase in the minimum wage for Omani and increased unemployment benefits. The Sultan is also trying to appease the protesters by replacing two ministers in the government and promising to explore the possibilities of giving the lower house greater influence.

January

Spy networks are revealed

Omani authorities reveal a spy network that is said to work for the United Arab Emirates. The neighboring country, with which Oman normally has good relations, denies all charges of espionage.

 

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