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Area Codes in North Korea


North Korea is the world's most closed country, a dictatorship ruled by Kim Jong-Un, son of the quirky Kim Jong-Il. Society is militarized and people are strictly monitored. North Korea has nuclear weapons and has long been implicated in a bitter conflict with the US and South Korea. Economic collapse has led to starvation and desperation. All opposition has been crushed with labor camps and executions.
  • Abbreviationfinder: Brief profiles of North Korea, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.

Geography and climate

North Korea encompasses just over half of the Korean peninsula. To the surface, the country corresponds to about a quarter of Sweden. Along the 25-mile border to South Korea in the south, a buffer zone is barely half a mile wide. The demilitarized zone is, despite the name, one of the world's most militarized areas.

In the north, the rivers Yalu (or Amnok) and Tumen together form a natural border with China. Both rivers flow into the region around Paektu, a extinguished volcano that is the country's highest mountain. Yalu flows west and opens into the Yellow Sea. The Tumen flows east and forms a short boundary also towards Russia in the northeast, before the river flows into the Japanese sea.

Four-fifths of North Korea's surface consists of mountain ranges and forested plateaus. In the west, low-lying plateaus and plains dominate.

North Korea has a temperate climate, which is influenced by monsoon winds. The summers are hot and rainy as the monsoon blows in from the southeast. Just over half of all precipitation falls between June and August. Winters are cold. Snow is abundant in the mountains but sparsely in the lowlands.

Geography and climate of North Korea



120 538 km2 (2018)


Swedish + 8 hours

Adjacent country (s)

South Korea, China, Russia

Capital with number of inhabitants

Pyongyang 3,200,000 (census 2008)

Other major cities

Hamhung 768,000, Nampo 367,000, Wonsan 363,000, Sinuiju 359,000 (Census 2008)

Highest mountain

Paektu (2744 m asl)

Important rivers

Yalu, Tumen, Taedong

Average Precipitation / year

Pyongyang 930 mm

Average / day

Pyongyang 24 C (Aug), -6 C (Jan)



Kim Yong Un new leader

Kim Yong Il dies in the middle of the month. His son Kim Yong Un is named "the great successor" on December 29.


Meeting of Foreign Ministers

South Korea and North Korea's foreign ministers meet for the first time in three years.


Kin Yong Un to another top post

Kim Yong Un is appointed to another high position, now in the National Defense Commission.


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