Namibia is a large and sparsely populated
country on the southern part of Africa's west coast. One
third of the land area is desert. The country was long
occupied by South Africa and became independent only in
1990. Namibia is governed by the former liberation
movement Swapo. There is political stability in the
country which is quite prosperous in terms of African
dimensions. The economy is based on a rich supply of
minerals and fish, as well as large-scale livestock
Brief profiles of Namibia, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
Namibia is almost twice as large as Sweden.
Along the 160-mile-long Atlantic coast in the west, the
narrow Namib Desert extends. Inside, a high plateau
rises with an average height of 1100 meters above sea
level. To the east, the plateau slopes down towards the
In the Namib Desert lies the country's highest
mountain, the Brandberg massif, whose highest point is
Königstein. In the middle of the country, several peaks
reach up to 2 400 meters above sea level. The Namib
Desert is one of the world's oldest deserts and has the
world's highest sand dunes, created by the sea breeze.
The desert is often wrapped in fog, formed when the cold
waters of the Atlantic reach the coast of Africa.
One third of the land area is desert. In the north,
plains landscape with dense bush vegetation dominates.
The border rivers Kunene, Okavango, Chobe / Linyanti and
Zambezi in the north as well as the Orange River in the
south are the only watercourses in the country that
never dry out.
In the northeast, the long narrow Zambezi strip
extends as a tentacle between Angola and Botswana. The
strip, which is 45 km long, is a colonial heritage (see
Older history) and was named until August 2013 the
Caprivi strip (named after a German national
chancellor). The region occupying most of the strip
changed its name as part of an action to change a number
of German geographical names to Namibian. Through the
Zambezi strip, Namibia gets a short border section
towards Zambia and access to the large Zambezi river.
The climate in Namibia is very dry. It is
predominantly hot in winter and hot in summer. On the
coast, however, temperatures are kept low by the cold
Inland there are large temperature differences, both
during the day and during the year.
The rain that occurs mainly falls in the summer,
November - April, and mostly in the north. Some years
the rainfall is almost completely absent.
825 418 km2 (2018)
Swedish +1 hour
Adjacent country (s)
Angola, Zambia, Botswana, South Africa
Capital with number of inhabitants
Windhoek 322,000 (estimated 2014)
Other major cities
Round 63 400, Walvis Bay 62 100, Swakopmund 44 700
Königstein (2,606 m asl)
Kunene, Okavango, Zambezi, Orange
German apology in progress
Germany plans to formally apologize to Namibia for the genocide of the Herero
and Nama ethnic groups in the early 1900s. A spokesman for the Foreign Ministry
in Berlin says the apology will not be followed by any damages (see also Older