Casino games and jet-set life characterize the
image of Monaco, the world's second smallest state. The
Principality of the French Mediterranean coast is then
ruled by the Middle Ages by the Grimaldi family. Prince
Rainier's 1956 marriage to American movie star Grace
Kelly put Monaco on the map. The position of tax havens
and accusations of money laundering has caused some
grumbling in relations with the outside world.
Brief profiles of Monaco, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
The Principality of Monaco is located on the
Mediterranean in southeastern France, close to the
border with Italy. It is only two square kilometers and
thus the world's second smallest independent state,
after the Vatican.
Monaco has a border almost half a mile to France and
a roughly equal coast to the Mediterranean. The distance
to the Italian border is about a mile; less than two
miles west lies the French city of Nice.
With the exception of the landscaped parks, virtually
the entire area is built up. The country is hilly with a
maximum point of 162 meters above sea level. The
shoreline is a mix of cliffs and low bays.
In the summer of 2015, a decision was made to expand
Monaco's land area by 60,000 square meters,
corresponding to 3 percent, through the construction of
an artificial peninsula out in the Mediterranean. This
would create housing for around 700 residents and erect
shopping areas. According to plans, the complex would be
ready by 2025.
Monaco is divided into four districts: the old town
of Monaco-Ville where the government buildings are
located, La Condamine which is the business district at
the port, the residential area of Monte Carlo with the
famous casino on a rock ledge, and Fontvieille, an area
that has been built on land recovered from the sea. In
the second half of the 20th century, the area of the
Principality increased by 20 percent thanks to land fill
outside the shoreline.
Monaco has a typical Mediterranean climate with hot
summers and mild winters. The summers are dry, and most
rain falls in the fall. In winter, a cold northern fall
wind, the mistral, blows over the Mediterranean coast
and can give frost.
2 km2 (2018)
Adjacent country (s)
Capital with number of inhabitants
there is no
Other major cities
Monaco consists of a continuous urban development
Chemin des Révoirés (162 m asl)