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Area Codes in Middle East

The Middle East is a subcontinent of Asia that has an arid climate, so there are not many water resources (groundwater, rivers and lakes) in the region. Countries that are part of the Middle East are rich in oil, however, they are poor in water. These nations face serious problems related to water scarcity. Several countries, such as Saudi Arabia and the small nations of the Persian Gulf, desalinate seawater, yet they are large buyers of mineral water.

In the Middle East region, the countries that hold water springs, rivers and aquifers in their territory, are privileged to have this very rich and rare resource. In the face of water scarcity, conflicts between countries arise to define who dominates the very few hydrographic basins and groundwater. An example of a dispute over water exists between Israel, Lebanon, Syria and Jordan, which, being border countries, dispute the dominion of the Jordan River Basin.

In 1967, Israel invaded Syria, which is home to the Golan Heights, where the Jordan River is located. This river is practically the only source of water for Israel and Jordan. The Middle East, in the last years, presented a population growth, which increased the consumption of water and reduced the amount of water available in the springs, a fact that has contributed to further aggravate the conflict among the countries.

Another focus of conflict is in the vicinity of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Both are born in Turkish territory and the flow of their waters goes towards the Persian Gulf,  supplying Syria and Iraq.
Regarding this, these countries fear Turkish control over river springs, because Turkey can dam its waters for irrigation, construction of hydroelectric plants or for any other purpose. In this way, supplies to Syria and Iraq would be compromised.

Check abbreviationfinder for list of all acronyms related to Middle East.

If you are looking for the international dialing code for a particular country of Middle East, you can check the following table. Middle eastern countries are listed in alphabetical order. Also included are capital cities are ISO codes. To find complete information about countries in Middle East, please look at Countryaah.com.
# Country Name Capital International Area Code 2 Letter Code 3 Letter Code
1 Bahrain Manama 973 BH BHR
2 Cyprus Nicosia 357 CY CYP
3 Egypt Cairo 20 EG EGY
4 Iran Tehran 98 IR IRN
5 Iraq Baghdad 964 IQ IRQ
6 Israel Jerusalem 972 IL ISR
7 Jordan Amman 962 JO JOR
8 Kuwait Kuwait City 965 KW KWT
9 Lebanon Beirut 961 LB LBN
10 Oman Muscat 968 OM OMN
11 Qatar Doha 974 QA QAT
12 Saudi Arabia Riyadh 966 SA SAU
13 Syria Damascus 963 SY SYR
14 Turkey Ankara 90 TR TUR
15 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi 971 AE ARE
16 Yemen San‘a’ 967 YE YEM

Area Codes in Middle East

 

AL AK AZ AR CA
CO CT DE FL GA
HI ID IL IN IA
KS KY LA ME MD
MA MI MN MS MO
MT NE NV NH NJ
NM NY NC ND OH
OK OR PA RI SC
SD TN TX UT VT
VA WA DC WV WI
WY        

 

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