The Micronesian Federation in the Western
Pacific consists of more than 600 islands whose total
size is roughly equivalent to half of Íland. However,
the country's territorial water covers an area that is
five times the size of France. The Micronesia Federation
receives extensive assistance from the United States,
which manages its defense in exchange for the right to
establish military bases on the islands. Assistance is
unevenly distributed among the population, leading to
large social differences between rich and poor.
Brief profiles of Micronesia, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
The Micronesian Federation is located in the
western Pacific Ocean north of Papua New Guinea and the
Solomon Islands. The country forms the main part of the
archipelago of the Carolinians in the geographical
region of Micronesia, located northeast of Melanesia and
west of Polynesia.
The Micronesian Federation comprises more than 600
islands and atolls that together cover a sea surface of
2.6 million square kilometers (five times the surface of
France), while the land area is only 700 square
kilometers (about half the size of Íland). In the
east-west direction, the island world extends 290 miles.
The country is a federal republic with four states:
from west Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei and Kosrae. Chuuk consists
of about 300 islands, Kosrae only five.
Most of the islands are of volcanic origin. Some of
these are highland with peaks up to 800 meters above sea
level. The other islands are lower coral atolls with the
exception of some islands, including Yap, formed by a
fold of the earth's crust.
The mountainous islands are bordered by mangrove
swamps. Within these are grass and shrub vegetation that
turns into rainforests on the mountain slopes. About a
fifth of the land area is covered by forest. On the thin
soil layers of the coral islands mainly grow coconut and
pandanus palms and breadfruit trees.
The climate of the Micronesia Federation is tropical
with a high and even temperature throughout the year and
large amounts of rainfall, especially on the mountainous
islands and further east.
The driest period is from January to March. The
islands are affected annually by typhoons, cyclones and
hurricanes. Often these lead to severe flooding and
great material destruction. The typhoon season lasts
from June to December.
The low-lying coral islands of the Micronesian
Federation run the risk of falling underwater as sea
levels rise in pace with global warming. Therefore, the
country seems to be active internationally to persuade
wealthier countries to help small island nations stop
the climate change that is causing the warming.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
700 km2 (2018)
Swedish +11 hours
Capital with number of inhabitants
Palikir (in the state of Pohnpei) 7,900 (estimated
Other major cities
Weno (in the state of Chuuk) 12,900, Kitti (in the
state of Pohnpei) 7,900 (estimated 2013)
Average Precipitation / year
an average of 3,000 mm (more to the east, less to the
Average / day
26-29 ░C year-round