Mauritius is a small island republic off the
east coast of Africa. The island was first populated by
French colonists who built sugar plantations but later
became a British colony. Since independence in 1968,
Mauritius has developed into one of Africa's most
successful economies. Politics is dominated by a few
parties that have often switched to power at the
forefront of fragile coalition governments. The largest
group of people is the Indomaurites, who are descendants
of Indian contract workers, but there is also a large
group of Creole people of mixed origin.
Brief profiles of Mauritius, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
The island of Mauritius is on the surface
slightly larger than Öland and is located in the Indian
Ocean about 80 km east of Madagascar. The state of
Mauritius also includes the smaller island of Rodrigues,
which is located approximately 60 miles east of the main
island, as well as a number of small coral islands, most
of which are uninhabited.
Mauritius together with the French island of Réunion
form the archipelago of the Mascarenes.
Mauritius claims the Chagos Islands, which were
managed under Mauritius until 1965, when the population
moved to build an American military base there.
Mauritius also claims the French island of Tromelin,
which since 2010 is jointly administered by France and
The island of Mauritius is of volcanic origin but is
surrounded by coral reefs. It consists of fertile plains
with steep cliffs that surround a central high plateau
with several smaller rivers.
The climate is subtropical with heat and high
humidity all year round. It rains more and is cooler on
the high plateau than on the coast. Most precipitation
falls in November - April. Heavy cyclones (tropical
storms) can sweep across the island from September to
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
2,040 km2 (2018)
Swedish +3 hours
Capital with number of inhabitants
Port Louis 147 500 (Estimated 2018)
Other major cities
Vacoas-Phoenix, Beau Bassin-Rose Hill
Piton de la Petite Rivière Noir (826 m asl)
Average Precipitation / month
36 mm (sept), 221 mm (mars)
Average / day
28 °C (Jan), 21 °C (July)
Boycott the Summit of the Commonwealth
Mauritius does not attend the Commonwealth (gathering Britain and former
British colonies) summit in Sri Lanka in protest of unresolved allegations of
human rights violations directed at the host country's government.
Decisions about the Chagos Islands remain
The High Court in the United Kingdom states that the British government's
decision to convert the Chagos Islands into a marine nature reserve is not
contrary to EU law.
Corruption Minister accused of corruption
The corruption-accused, former Health Minister Hanoomanjee is released from
all suspicions for lack of evidence. The suspicions against Pravind Jugnauth
remain (see July 2011 and August 2011).