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Area Codes in Malta


The small island nation of Malta in the middle of the Mediterranean is the EU's smallest member state. With its strategic location between Sicily and the north coast of Africa, Malta forms a bridge between Europe and Africa and the country has received a stream of refugees and migrants en route north from Africa and the Middle East. Tourism is Malta's most important industry.
  • Abbreviationfinder: Brief profiles of Malta, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.

Geography and climate

The Republic of Malta is a small island, strategically located in the middle of the Mediterranean. The nearest neighbor is the Italian island of Sicily, just over nine miles north. To the west it is 29 km to the coast of Tunisia and about 20 km to the south is Libya.

The country consists of the islands of Malta, Gozo and Comino as well as some uninhabited small islands. In total, the land area is no larger than the West Swedish island of Orust. The main island of Malta constitutes just over three quarters of the land area. There, the longest distance from the southeast to the northwest is 2.7 km. Gozo is at most only 1.4 miles. Comino is less than three square kilometers in area.

The bedrock consists mainly of limestone and nature is dominated by heaths with poor bush vegetation. The barren plain landscape sometimes turns into low hills with terraced gardens along the slopes. There are a total of only 300 hectares of forest on the islands. In the smallest islands, almost no trees grow.

The country completely lacks lakes and rivers. Access to drinking water is severely limited and great efforts are being made to increase access.

Geography and climate of Malta

The islands' northern and eastern sides have deep sea coves with protected natural harbors. In the west, on the other hand, the coasts are steep and difficult to reach, while the plains reach the south coast.

Every spring, some bird species are hunted, including quail and turf pigeons. The hunting of these birds is controversial and prohibited in the rest of the EU.

Malta has a typical Mediterranean climate. The summers are hot and dry, while the autumn and short winters are lukewarm and rainy.

Desert winds from the Sahara mean that the daytime temperatures in July and August are often above 30 degrees. Nearly all precipitation falls between October and March. October is the rainiest month. It blows a lot, and the islanders have given each wind their own name. The northwest wind Majjistral is most common. Another, dry northwest wind is called Grigal, and a warm, moist wind from the southeast is called Xlokk.



316 km2 (2018)



Adjacent country (s)

Neighboring countries are missing

Capital with number of inhabitants

Valletta 5700 (Estimated 2012)

Other major cities

Birkirkara 20,500, Mosta 19,500, San Pawl il-Bahar 19,000 (Estimated 2012)

Highest mountain

Benghiza Point (253 m asl)

Important rivers

Malta lacks rivers

Largest lake

Malta lacks lakes

Average Precipitation / month

124 mm (Oct), 1 mm (July)

Average / day

Valletta 26 C (Aug), 12 C (Jan)



No for hunting bans

In a referendum, the Maltese say with very little margin "no" to a proposal in Parliament that would prohibit the controversial, and traditionally-bound, spring hunting of certain bird species, among other quail and trip pigeons. The hunt is prohibited in other EU countries.


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