The Maldives Republic consists
of 26 atolls in the Indian Ocean. The distances between
the atolls are large, but to the land surface, the
Maldives is the smallest nation in Asia. All islands are
low-lying, which means that rising sea levels due to
climate change pose a threat to the country's existence.
Islam is state religion. In 2008, the first democratic
elections were held. Tourism is the most important
Brief profiles of Maldives, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
The Maldives geographically consists of 26
atolls, extending just over 80 km from the equator north
of the Indian Ocean. The northernmost islands lie 60-70
miles west of India's southern tip and Sri Lanka. The
climate in the island world is hot and humid.
An atoll consists of a number of coral islands and
reefs that are grouped around a lagoon. The word atoll
also has a Maldivian origin. Of the almost 1,200 coral
islands, about 200 are inhabited by maldives. In
addition, there are about 100 special hotel islands for
The distances are very large, but the Maldives are by
far the smallest nation in Asia. The largest island is
only 13 square kilometers. All the islands are flat;
most rise only a few meters above sea level. As a
result, the country's existence is threatened by the sea
level rising as a result of climate change.
The soil is in most places lean and sandy. Among the
few plants that thrive are palm trees, bamboo, banana
and breadfruit. On some of the larger islands there are
small areas of rainforest.
Maldives has tropical climate. A rainy season lasts
from May to August when the southwest monsoon blows over
the islands. The northeast monsoon brings dry air from
December to March.
Maldives is sometimes hit by heavy storms and floods.
Read more about how climate change and rising seawater
levels affect the Maldives in Natural Resources, Energy
and the Environment.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
298 km2 (2018)
Swedish +4 hours
Adjacent country (s)
Capital with number of inhabitants
Malé 133 412 (Census 2014)
Other major cities
the highest point is 2.4 m above sea level on the
island of Wilingili in the Addu Atoll
Average Precipitation / month
250 mm (May), 12 mm (Feb)
Average / day
28 °C all year round
Gayum forms a new party
Maldives former dictator Maumun Abdul Gayum leaves his own party DRP, which
is the largest in parliament. Gayum justifies the decision that DRP is permeated
with corruption. He is forming a new party, called the Maldives Progressive
Party (PPM). Assessors state that the split within the DRP may be due to
internal power struggles.
Violent protests against the Nashid government
A few thousand people gather for several days in Malé in protest of the MDP
government demanding its resignation. The protesters mainly protest against
sharply increased prices of food and fuel, and the rising unemployment. Police
meet protesters with batons and tear gas. More than 300 people are injured in
clashes and many are arrested.