Malaysia consists of two parts: the western part
is on mainland Southeast Asia while the eastern part is
part of the island of Borneo. The majority of the
inhabitants are ethnic Malays and Muslims, but the
country holds many peoples and religions. Following the
independence of the British colonial power in 1957,
political stability and industrialization laid the
foundation for a relatively high standard of living
Brief profiles of Malaysia, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
Malaysia has a land area corresponding to
just over two-thirds of Sweden. The country consists of
an eastern and a western part that is separated by the
South China Sea. Malaysia is located just north of the
equator and has a tropical climate.
Western Malaysia encompasses eleven states on the
southern Malacca peninsula. There is also the capital
Kuala Lumpur (an administrative capital, Putrajaya, has
been built south of Kuala Lumpur). The Malacca Strait
west of the Malacca Peninsula has been one of the
world's busiest shipping routes since ancient times. At
the far south, the narrow Johor Strait separates the
Malacca Peninsula from Singapore, but across the strait
is a kilometer-long bridge.
Eastern Malaysia consists of the two states of Sabah
and Sarawak. They are located on the northern part of
Borneo, which is the world's third largest island and is
shared between Malaysia, Indonesia and Brunei.
The lone Kinabalu mountain in Sabah reaches over
4,000 meters in height, compared to just over 2,000
meters for the country's other highest mountains.
Mountain ridges extend from the north to the south
across the Inland Peninsula. In all parts of Malaysia
there are rivers, which are often navigable.
Rainforest grows on the Malacca peninsula, mainly in
the north and east, but the truly large forests are
found on the sparsely populated Borneo. The wildlife is
very rich. Some species, such as the nose monkey, are
only found on Borneo. In addition to Borneo, the equally
rare orangutan is found only on the Indonesian island of
Malaysia's tropical climate is characterized by the
monsoon winds. From spring to October, the southwest
monsoon blows. However, the Strait of Malacca lies in
shelter for the northeast monsoon, which blows with full
force towards the eastern Malacca peninsula as well as
the coasts of Sabah and Sarawak from October to February
In Malaysia, it rains during all seasons, often in
cool, fast-moving showers. Most rain falls when the hot
and humid monsoon winds blow.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
329 758 km2 (2018) 1
Swedish +7 hours
Adjacent country (s)
Thailand, Indonesia, Brunei, Singapore
Capital with number of inhabitants
Kuala Lumpur 7,800,000 (with suburbs, UN estimate
Other major cities
Johor Bahru 1,000,000, Ipoh 800,000, Kuching 600,000,
Kota Kinabalu 540,000 (with suburbs, UN estimate 2019)
Kinabalu (in Sabah; 4,101 m asl)
Pahang (Malacca Peninsula), Rajang (Sarawak),
Average Precipitation / year
2 540 mm
Average / day
Kuala Lumpur about 27 °C (all year)
- of which Western Malaysia about 132000,
Sarawak 124000 and Sabah 74000Sources
Poor people should receive more support
In the 2014 budget, the government promises that low-income households will
receive more financial assistance from the state. Nearly eight million
Malaysians will receive part of the support during 2014, which is part of the
efforts to make Malaysia a high-income country by 2020. Economists warn that the
contributions will lead to higher inflation.
Suspects can be detained indefinitely
Parliament is voting for a law that gives police the right to detain suspects
without detention indefinitely.
Fire smoke covers southern Johor
Malaysia announces disaster state in southern parts of Johor state affected
by heavy smog with health-threatening air pollution following forest fires in
Indonesia. Everything is closed in the coastal cities of Muar and Ledang and its
residents are encouraged to stay indoors.
Opposition politicians are arrested
At the end of May, four opposition politicians, including one of the leaders
of the People's Justice Party (PKR), who are members of the People's Front, are
arrested. They are accused of being upset.
Demonstration against "stolen choice"
Opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim gathers thousands, perhaps tens of thousands,
of supporters for a demonstration against what he considers to be electoral
fraud and against the "stolen election". Police say the demonstration is illegal
because the organizers have no permit.
The national front wins the election
Government Alliance National Front wins in parliamentary elections, but with
less margin than ever before. It gets 133 out of 222 seats, while the opposition
People's Front gets 89 seats. The public front protests against the election
result and says it does not reflect the will of the people.
May parliamentary elections
Prime Minister Najib Razak, in accordance with the constitution, dissolves
Parliament ahead of the elections to be held on May 5, 2013. The election
campaign begins on April 20. The election is expected to be relatively even
between the ruling National Front and the Opposition Popular Front, led by Anwar
Security forces occupy occupied village
After three weeks of siege, security forces storm the coastal community of
Borneo as a Philippine armed group or clan occupies (see February 2013).
The storming is carried out with ground troops and support from the air. Some 30
people have been killed during the occupation, both soldiers and locals and clan
members. After the storm, the occupants are scattered around the area. In the
police pursuit of them, an additional 30 clan members are killed.
Armed group occupies coastal community
A Filipino armed group or clan of around 180 members invades and occupies a
coastal community in the Lahad Datu district of Borneo. The clan claims to be
descendants of the Sultan of Sulu who ruled parts of the southern Philippines
and northern Borneo for several centuries. Malaysian security police wrap a ring
around the bracket.