The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is small on the
surface but influential as a prosperous financial center
and seat of several EU bodies and other international
organizations. More than half of the workforce consists
of foreign nationals. Many of them commute daily across
the border to France, Germany or Belgium. The previously
strict banking secrecy has been eased somewhat after
criticism that the country is a haven for financial
Brief profiles of Luxembourg, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is on the
surface somewhat smaller than Blekinge and measures at
most eight kilometers, from north to south. The country
that is wedged between Belgium, Germany and France
consists of a hilly highland.
Luxembourg has two main areas. Ösling (Eislék in
Luxembourg), the northern third, is a sparsely populated
wooded mountain area belonging to the Ardennes. Gutland
(Bon Pays in French, Guttland in Luxembourg, "the good
country") in the south is more varied and has better
soils and pastures, which are cut by the rivers Our,
Sauer and Moselle.
In the valleys, viticulture is conducted. Forests
cover almost a third of the country's area. Luxembourg
lacks the coast but it is possible to reach the sea via
the Moselle, which is a tributary to the Rhine.
The climate is mild and rainy, and the valleys along
the rivers are suitable for viticulture. Ösling in the
north is colder and richer in precipitation than Gutland
in the south.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
2 586 km2 (2018)
Adjacent country (s)
Belgium, Germany, France
Capital with number of inhabitants
Luxembourg-Ville / Luxemburg 116 000 (2018)
Other major cities
Esch-sur-Alzette 35 000, Differdange 27 000,
Dudelange 21 000 (2018)
Kneiff (560 m asl)
Our, Sauer, Moselle
Protests against austerity
Several unions organize strikes and protests against cuts announced in health
care, education and family support.