Lithuania is the southernmost and largest of the
three Baltic countries. Lithuania was the Baltic country
that made the strongest opposition to the Soviet
occupation power and was the first of all Soviet
republics to declare independence in 1990. Nowadays,
Lithuania is both EU and NATO member and one of the
countries that strongly opposes what they perceive as an
aggressive Russian policy.
Brief profiles of Lithuania, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Lithuania is the southernmost and largest of
the three Baltic countries. It borders in the east to
Belarus, in the south to Poland, in the southwest to the
Russian area of Kaliningrad and in the north to
Lithuania is largely a lowland, but some landscapes,
especially western Lithuanian Žemaitija, are beautifully
hilly. There are many lakes in the country.
The almost 10 km long Baltic Sea coast to the west is
a single uninterrupted sandy beach with, among other
things, the Kuriska nose (Kuršių nerija), a narrow land
tongue that separates the large shallow beach lake
Kuriska lagoon (Kuršių marios) from the Baltic Sea.
Lithuania is approximately on Skåne's latitude and
has vegetation and wildlife with a central European
The coastal climate prevails near the Baltic Sea,
while the inland climate prevails further east with
colder winters and warmer summers than in Sweden.
In the west, relatively much rainfall falls,
especially just inside the coast in the summer. Along
the Baltic Sea coast and on the Kuriska nose, the hours
of sunshine are many, around 1,860 hours a year.
The climate has become warmer in recent decades. In
July, the average temperature is almost 20 degrees, with
peaks above 30 degrees. At the same time, the January
chill inland can temporarily reach below 30 degrees.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
65,300 km2 (2018)
Swedish + 1 hour
Adjacent country (s)
Latvia, Belarus, Poland, Russia (Kaliningrad region)
Capital with number of inhabitants
Vilnius 540 600 (Estimated 2012)
Other major cities
Kaunas 358,000, Klaipéda 186,000, Šiauliai 128,400,
Panevežys 111,000 (2012 estimate)
Aukštojas (294 m asl)
Average Precipitation / year
Vilnius 699 mm
Average / day
Vilnius -5 °C (Jan), 17 °C (July)
Lithuania faces so-called Magnitskijlag
Adopts legislation which means that people in other countries accused of
human rights violations and corruption can be subject to sanctions such as entry
bans; The law is based on the so-called Magnitsky law that was passed in the
United States in 2012 to enable action against Russian officials and oligarchs
linked to the death of Sergei Magnitsky. Russian lawyer Sergei Magnitsky was
imprisoned and murdered in 2009 after revealing fraud and corruption among
high-ranking Russian civil servants. Canada and Estonia, for example, have also
adopted versions of the law.
Lithuania violated the rights of terror suspects
Lithuania is convicted by the European Court of Justice for violating the ban
on torture. Together with Romania, Lithuania will pay over € 100,000 in damages
to two prisoners in the US prison Guantánamo. The suspected terrorists were
tortured in secret prisons run by the US intelligence agency CIA in, for
example, Lithuania and Romania. The government of Lithuania, which claims that
no secret prison has not existed on Lithuanian land, announces in August that it
intends to appeal the verdict.
Lithuania joins the OECD
Lithuania is accepted as a member of the OECD. It is a few years later than
Estonia and Latvia, which joined 2010 and 2016, respectively. As an OECD member,
Lithuania hopes to attract more foreign investors to the country.
Russian diplomats are expelled
Lithuania expels three Russian diplomats as a result of a nerve poisoning
attack on a Russian former spy and his daughter in the UK in early March. It is
taking place in concerted action with some 20 countries, mainly in the EU, in
solidarity with the British government accusing Russia of being behind the
attack. In total, over 100 Russian diplomats are expelled, 60 of whom are from
the United States. Moscow denies all involvement in the poison attack and
threatens with countermeasures.