Squeezed between Switzerland and Austria in the
Alps lies the little principality of Liechtenstein. The
position as a financial center and tax haven has made it
one of the world's richest countries in terms of per
capita. However, in recent years, following strong
pressure from the outside world, banking secrecy has
been eased. Unlike other European monarchs, the prince
has great power. He can appoint and dismiss the
government himself and veto legislative proposals.
Brief profiles of Liechtenstein, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
The Principality of Liechtenstein is located
in the Upper Rhine
Valley of the Alps, between Switzerland and Austria. It
measures two and a half miles in length and at most half
a mile in width.
The upper part of the Rhine River flows in a fertile
valley and forms the border with Switzerland in the
west. From Rhen's beach, the country rises towards
wooded mountain ranges. The mountain Drei Schwestern
with its highest peak, Vorder Grauspitz, reaches 2,559
meters above sea level.
Despite the alpine location, the climate is
relatively mild, thanks to the blowing winds blowing
from the south. The average temperature is around the
freezing point in winter time and about 17 plus degrees
in summer time. In the higher terrain the temperature is
lower, often with abundant snowfall in winter.
160 km2 (2018)
Adjacent country (s)
Capital with number of inhabitants
Vaduz 5,200 (Estimated 2012)
Other major cities
Schaan 5 800, Triesen 4 700 (estimate 2012)
Vorder Grauspitz (2 599 m asl)