Lesotho is a small mountainous country,
completely surrounded by South Africa. Following the
independence of Britain in 1966, a long period of
political turbulence followed. Only in the early 2000s
was the country given a democratically elected
government. Despite hardships such as famine and
poverty, the population has increased rapidly in recent
decades. The increase has now been slowed down by the
HIV epidemic. Economically, Lesotho is almost completely
dependent on South Africa, where many residents work.
Brief profiles of Lesotho, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
Lesotho is a small mountainous country, just
slightly larger than Småland. It is completely
surrounded by South Africa. Between the high mountain
range Drakensberg in the east and the Maloti Mountains and Thaba Putsoa in the west, the
valley of the Orange River intersects.
At the far west beyond the mountains is a narrow
lowland strip with arable land. There is the capital
The vegetation consists mostly of grass and shrubs.
Hard grazing livestock and intensive utilization of the
land have led to severe soil degradation; both plant and
animal life have been depleted. However, there are still
small populations of stone antelope and leopard.
Lesotho has a pronounced inland climate. Winters can
get cold with snow in the mountainous regions, while
summers are hot. From November to March, it usually
rains quite a bit, but some years the rain does not
cause heavy drought.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
30 355 km2 (2018)
Swedish +1 hour
Adjacent country (s)
Capital with number of inhabitants
Maseru 250,000 (2010 estimate)
Other major cities
Hlotse (Leribe) 45,000, Mafeteng 40,000 (estimated
Thabana Ntlenyana (3 482 m asl)
Average Precipitation / year
Average / day
Maseru 25 °C (Jan), 15 °C (July)
New party sees the light of day
Monyane Moleleki, who was formerly the vice-president
of the Democratic Congress (DC), founded a new party
called the Democratic Alliance (AD). Moleleki had been
excluded from DC a few weeks earlier after challenging
Pakalitha Mosisili for the post of party leader.
Drop off among ministers
Economic policy disagreement deepens the political
crisis in the country. Prime Minister Mosisili dismisses
four ministers, resulting in the resignation of four
other ministers. At the same time, 20 MEPs announce that
they no longer support the governing coalition, which is
thus losing its majority in parliament
Byte of army chief
General Kamoli agrees to retire as army commander.
The reinstatement of Kamoli in the post after the spring
2015 elections created political tensions in the
country. Both neighboring countries and the United
States have pressed for him to be replaced.