Laos in Southeast Asia is a communist one-party
state and one of Asia's poorest countries. The
Communists took control of the entire country in 1975
and abolished the monarchy that year. The takeover of
power was preceded by two decades of civil war. During
the 1960s, Laos was subjected to extensive bombing by
the United States, which attempted to strike Vietnamese
guerrillas in the border areas. Most Laotians live on
growing rice and other crops.
Brief profiles of Laos, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Laos is located in Southeast Asia and is
roughly half the size of Sweden. Most of the country
consists of highlands. Laos has a tropical monsoon
Laos lacks the coast and is surrounded by Myanmar
(formerly Burma) and China in the north, Vietnam in the
east, Thailand in the west and Cambodia in the south.
The border with Thailand is mainly the Mekong River,
which is of great importance both as a transport route
and for the fishing. A number of hydroelectric power
stations are built on several of its tributaries and on
the lower lanes of the Mekong.
In the north, Laos is crossed by several mountain
ranges with peaks over 2,000 meters in height. Here is
Laos highest mountain, Phou Bia. From the border areas
towards Vietnam in the northeast and down to the
southern parts of the country runs the wooded Annamitic
mountain range. Northern Laos is occupied by the
strategically important high plateau Krukslätten. To the
south lies the fertile Boloven Plateau.
Almost half of Laos is covered by forests, mainly in
the northern highlands and along the Mekong River. To
the east of the Mekong are fertile plains.
Laos has a rainy season from May to October. The
warmest months are March and April, when the temperature
exceeds 30 degrees. During the rainy season, the
temperature is around 27 degrees, while from November to
March, it commutes between 16 and 21 degrees. The
temperature varies as much with the height above the sea
as with the changes of the seasons.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
236 800 km2 (2018)
Swedish +6 hours
Adjacent country (s)
Myanmar (formerly Burma), China, Vietnam, Cambodia,
Capital with number of inhabitants
Vientiane 673,000 (with suburbs, UN estimate 2019)
Other major cities
Savannakhet, Luang Prabang, Paksé
Phou Bia (2,817 m asl)
Average Precipitation / month
Vientiane 322 mm (Aug), 2 mm (Dec)
Average / day
Vientiane 14–28 °C (Jan), 23–38 °C (April)
Armed conflict reports in the north
Radio Free Asia reports that an unknown armed regime-critical group has on
several occasions clashed with police in the province of Xaysomboun in northern
Laos. At one point, at least three government soldiers must have been killed.
The radio station cites army sources and the information has not been confirmed
by any independent source.