Kosovo broke out of Serbia in 2008 and
proclaimed independence. Sweden belongs to the more than
a hundred countries that have recognized Kosovo as their
own state. Serbia does not accept the outbreak, and a
challenge for the government is to integrate the
Serbian-dominated northern part of Kosovo where
resistance to the new state formation is strong. A NATO
peacekeeping force is in place.
Brief profiles of Kosovo, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Kosovo is located in the middle of the Balkan
Peninsula in southeastern Europe and lacks its own sea
coast. The country, which is roughly the same size as
Skåne, borders Serbia, Northern Macedonia, Albania and
Kosovo (Kosova in Albanian) is more or less
surrounded by high mountain ranges. The highest is the
Sharr / Šar mountains in the south with
ever-snow-covered peaks over 2,500 meters. In the west,
the mountains are inaccessible because rivers have
created deep ravines. In the east the mountains are a
Inside the mountains lies a high plateau, which in
turn is divided in the middle by a lower mountain range.
From the western side of these mountains, water flows to
the Vita Drin river and on into the Adriatic. From the
east, the water streams form the river Ibri / Ibar,
which eventually flows into the Danube.
Kosovo has an inland climate with hot, dry summers
and relatively cold winters, often with a lot of snow.
It rains most during October to December.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
10 908 km2 (2018)
Adjacent country (s)
Serbia, Northern Macedonia, Albania, Montenegro
Capital with number of inhabitants
Prishtina (Priština in Serbian), 210,000 inhabitants
Other major cities
Prizren, Ferizaj / Uroševac, Peja / Peć, Mitrovica
Vita Drin and Ibri / Ibar
Average Precipitation / month
Prishtina 28 mm (June), 54 mm (Nov)
Average / day
Prishtina 23 °C (July), 1 °C (Jan)
The UÇK guerrilla resurgence?
Since, among other things, the US ambassador intervened, a number of MPs are
withdrawing plans to convene a special session during the Christmas and New Year
holidays to try to tear down the law on the special court established in The
Hague for crimes committed by the UÇK guerrilla during the millennium war at the
turn of the millennium.. However, the MPs in question do not intend to give up
and one of them, Daut Haradinaj, brother of Prime Minister Ramush Haradinaj,
threatens to revive the UÇK guerrillas as soon as any judgment is issued by the
court. The Haradinaj brothers are among those at risk of facing war crimes.
First Pride Parade
In the capital Prishtina, Kosovo's first pride parade is ever held. It has
been preceded by hatred and threats from mainly strictly religious terms, but no
incidents occur during the parade, which is also supported by President Hashim
Thaҫi and the US ambassador, among others.
New government takes office
With the hardly possible majority - 61 votes out of 120 in the newly elected
parliament - AAK leader Ramush Haradinaj is elected new head of government. A
few days earlier, PDK leader Kadri Veseli has been appointed President. This
could happen after the small party AKR left its previous collaboration with LDK
and joined the so-called PAN coalition, which has now been renamed the PANA
coalition. The government is also supported by parties representing ethnic
minorities (see Political system).
Legal agreement between Kosovo and Serbia
As the Presidents of Kosovo and Serbia, Hashim Thaҫi and Aleksandar Vučić,
resume the EU-led negotiations on normalization between the countries of
Brussels, a legal agreement will be agreed upon between them, which will be
fully implemented on October 17, 2017. This means that all judges, Prosecutors
and other legal personnel in Kosovo, including those in the Serbian-dominated
northern Kosovo, will be integrated into Kosovo's legal system.
Kosovo's first prime minister dead
21th of August
Bajram Rexhepi, who was Prime Minister of Kosovo in 2002-2004, dies at a
hospital in Istanbul where he was treated for a stroke in April 2017. Rexhepi,
who was a surgeon to the profession, represented the PDK and was also a member
of the UCK guerrilla during the Kosovo War in late 1990s. He turned 63.
Assembly date for the newly elected parliament
President Hashim Thaҫi declares that the newly elected parliament will meet
for the first time on August 3. However, who will form a government is still
Former guerrilla leaders win in parliamentary elections
A partial alliance dominated by PDK, AAK and Nisma (PAN) - all with roots in
the guerrilla UÇK - wins the election with a total of 39 out of 120 seats. The
left-wing nationalist Vetëvendosje, who stands on his own, is progressing
strongly and receiving 32 seats. An alliance consisting of LDK, AKR and the
Alternative receives 29 seats. AAK leader Ramush Haradinaj is expected to become
The government is falling
With 78 votes in favor and 34 against, the opposition wins a vote of
confidence in Parliament against the coalition government between PDK and LDK,
led by LDK's Isa Mustafa. Together with the opposition parties Vetëvendosje, AAK
and Nisma also vote some MPs from PDK. The opposition, in particular, opposes
the government's controversial border agreement with Montenegro, as well as an
agreement to establish autonomy for the Serbs in northern Kosovo. A vote in
Parliament on these issues has been postponed several times (see, among other
things, September 2016). New elections are announced until June
Thousands of people welcome Ramush Haradinaj when he returns to Prishtina,
after a French court refused to comply with Serbia's request that he be
extradited to face trial for war crimes (see January 2017).
Criticism from the EU
In its report on the progress of the reforms towards a membership of the
Union, the European Parliament calls on both Kosovo and Serbia to improve their
relations, including through Kosovo establishing the agreed autonomy for the
Kosovo Serbs in the north and the latter abolishing the "parallel structures"
which is there now. Kosovo is further urged to resolve the border issue with
Montenegro as well as to take action against corruption and organized crime.
Haradinaj arrested in France
Former Prime Minister Ramush Haradinaj is arrested by police in France at the
urging of Serbia, for crimes that the Serbs believe he committed as guerrilla
leader during the 1998–1999 Kosovo war. Haradinaj has previously been acquitted
twice for war crimes by the Hague Court, but this shall apply to crimes not
listed there. Kosovo's Prime Minister Isa Mustafa calls on France to immediately