Jamaica in the Caribbean is strongly associated
with reggae music and the rasta movement. Both music and
religion have meant a lot to the Jamaicans' identity and
to the tourism on the island. The welfare systems are
well developed, but the social problems are still great
with poverty, drug addiction and high crime rates. The
emigration from Jamaica is great, there are about as
many Jamaicans living abroad as in their home country.
Brief profiles of Jamaica, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
Jamaica is located in the Caribbean
(Caribbean) and is roughly the same size as Skåne. It is
part of the Greater Antilles archipelago, along with the
significantly larger islands of Cuba and Hispaniola
(with Haiti and the Dominican Republic), as well as the
US territory of Puerto Rico.
The central parts of Jamaica are mountainous and
wooded, as are the east, where the Blue Mountains boast
the highest peaks. To the west, the mountain country
turns into a limestone plateau with partially difficult
terrain. Cockpit Country in the northwest is a so-called
karst landscape full of cavities, caves and underground
streams. Along the coasts to the west and south, the
country is flat. From the mountains flow many battle
Jamaica has a tropical climate with high and even
temperature all year round, although it is cooler at
higher altitudes. The climate is characterized by the
sea and the wind gusts from the northeast.
At the coasts it is constantly warm and humid, while
the temperature in the mountains in their places can
drop to just a few plus degrees.
The rainfall is unevenly distributed. The pass winds
give the island's northeast side about five times as
much rain as the south coast. Precipitation occurs
between May and November, but it mostly rains in the
fall. Then hurricanes also often pull in over Jamaica.
Earthquakes also occur.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
10,991 km2 (2018)
Swedish –6 hours
Adjacent country (s)
Capital with number of inhabitants
Kingston 584 600 (with suburbs, census 2011)
Other major cities
Portmore 182,200, Spanish Town 162,000, Montego Bay
110,000 (Census 2011)
Blue Mountain Peak (2,256 m asl)
Rio Minho, Black river, Rio Cobre
Average Precipitation / year
1980 mm (Kingston 800 mm)
Average / day
Kingston 24 °C (Jan), 27 °C (July)