The Central American state of Honduras is among
the poorest in Latin America. The country is said to be
the origin of the term "banana republic" - a small poor
country that is dependent on any single export
commodity, ruled by a corrupt elite and largely
controlled from abroad. Banana and coffee exports have
long been completely dominant and the military ruled
with strong support from the US government and US large
companies. More recently, the country has had civilian
leaders, although a popular president was ousted by the
military in 2009.
Brief profiles of Honduras, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
Honduras is located in the middle of Central
America and is about a quarter as big as Sweden. The
country has a long, low coast towards the Caribbean in
Inland the hills rise into mountains with heights of
almost 3,000 meters above sea level. The mountains are
replaced in the south by a narrow coastal strip at the
Gulf of Fonseca in the Pacific. Deep river valleys cut
through Honduras, whose name comes from the Spanish word
for deep, hondo.
The climate in Honduras is tropical with a lot of
rain and with small temperature differences between
seasons. The highlands have two rainy periods, May-July
and September-October. On the coast in the north it
rains most in December and January.
Honduras are often hit by storms and floods. In 1974,
Hurricane Fifi claimed about 10,000 casualties and in
1998, approximately 7,000 people perished in Hurricane
Mitch and the subsequent skies.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
112 492 km2 (2018)
Swedish - 7 hours
Adjacent country (s)
Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua
Capital with number of inhabitants
Tegucigalpa 1,173,000 (2012 estimate)
Other major cities
San Pedro Sula 743,000, El Progreso 217,000, La Ceiba
196,000 (2012 estimate)
Las Minas (2,865 m asl)
Río Patuca, Río Choluteca
Average Precipitation / month
185 mm (June), 2 mm (Feb)
Average / day
inland 24 °C (May), 15 °C (Jan)
The Nationalist Party wins the election
Shortly after the election, Xiomara Castro de Zelaya proclaims victorious
based on an election poll conducted by her party Libre. Shortly thereafter, Juan
Orlando Hernández proclaims to be victorious after the electoral authority left
with the first results. Both Castro and the Anti-Corruption Party's Nasralla
provide evidence of electoral fraud and require a recalculation of the votes and
the electoral authority agrees to review results from 16,000 polling stations.
Three weeks after the election, it is stated that Hernández won with 37 percent
of the vote, against 29 percent for Castro, 20 percent for Mauricio Villeda
(Liberals) and 13 percent for Salvador Nasralla (Anti-Corruption Party, PAC). In
the National Congress, the Nationalist Party remains the largest, but backs from
71 to 48 seats. Next largest will be the newly formed Libre with 37 seats. The
Liberal Party goes from 45 to 27 seats. The PAC also takes a seat in Parliament
and receives 13 seats. The turnout is record high; 61 percent of voters vote.
International election observers declare the elections valid.
Great uncertainty among voters ahead of presidential elections
In a final poll before the November election, nearly a third of those polled
say they do not know who to vote for, or do not want to state. Nationalist
candidate Hernández now has a small lead for Libres Xiomara Castro de Zelaya. It
is obvious that the Nationalist Party has managed to gather its grass roots
while the opposition stands divided.
New law enforcement force
The National Congress approves the formation of a new military police force
of 500 men to fight civil crime in the country's three largest cities.
Officers are dismissed but get the job
1,400 police officers who, among other things, fight the youth gang are
fired, but informed by the media. They occupy the police headquarters and then
get their jobs back. The cleansing of the police that started in 2011 has
completely failed and only a few police officers have actually lost their jobs.
"Ghost police" are revealed
An investigation by the Ministry of Security reveals that over 2,000 paid
police officers never come to work. Many of the missing police officers have
received service weapons that have never been returned. Corruption is widespread
within the police. Another close to 3,000 police officers have left the job and
receive no pay, but remain as employees and block new hires. Accordingly,
according to the Minister of Security, there is room to recruit 4 500 police
officers in a new police force.
Bloody settlement between drug gangs
Seventeen people die in a firefight between two rival drug gangs in La
Mosquitia on the Atlantic coast, in a known transit area for cocaine smuggled
from South America to the United States.
Armistice between youth gangs
The two most notorious criminal youth gangs, Mara Salvatrucha and Mara 18,
agree to enter into a ceasefire with the state. The goal is to reduce the
violence in the streets. The settlement differs from that in neighboring El
Salvador in that the gang included a cease-fire with each other, but not with
the state. In Honduras, the initiative fails as the government does not take up
The Minister of Security is replaced
President Lobo again replaces his Minister of Security. The Foreign Minister
is appointed as new Minister, who is replaced by his Secretary of State. The
former security minister joins the president's staff. At the same time, the
National Assembly dismisses the Prosecutor General and replaces him with a
commission of four people. Again, the independence of the Supreme Court is