The Vatican City is surrounded by the capital of
Italy, Rome, and is the world's smallest independent
state. The head of state is the Pope, who is also head
of the Catholic Church, a world organization with more
than one billion members. St. Peter's Church and Sistine
Chapel with Michelangelo's famous ceiling painting
attract a constant stream of visitors to the Vatican
Brief profiles of Vatican, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
The Vatican City is located within the
Italian capital of Rome and is less than half a square
mile to the surface.
Within the area are parts of the Vatican Hill, which
has given the world's smallest independent state its
name. In addition, there are other lands and buildings
that count towards the Vatican City, such as the Pope's
summer residence Castel Gandolfo south of Rome as well
as a number of churches in the city.
The Vatican City, like Italy, has a Mediterranean
climate with dry hot summers and mild rainy winters. The
average temperature is 26 plus degrees in July and 7
plus degrees in January.