Haiti, which is the western half of the
Caribbean island of Hispaniola, is strongly influenced
by its African heritage. Almost all the inhabitants are
descendants of African slaves brought here by Spaniards
and Frenchmen from the 16th century. The Haitians are
proud to have been the first in Latin America to expel
the colonizers and proclaim independence, 1804. But
after the revolution, French claims and brutal rulers
have made the country the poorest in the Western
Hemisphere. An earthquake in 2010 required around a
quarter of a million lives.
Brief profiles of Haiti, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Haiti is located in the Caribbean and
represents one third of the island of Hispaniola, the
eastern part of which is occupied by the Dominican
Republic. Haiti consists of four-fifths of mountains or
Hispaniola is, together with Cuba, Jamaica and Puerto
Rico, in the Greater Antilles, one of several
archipelagos that make up the Caribbean (Caribbean).
From Haiti it is almost eight miles to Cuba in the west.
In northern Haiti, the Massif du Nord mountain range
lies within the coastal plain and in the south, the La
Hotte and La Selle mountain ranges spread. In the latter
is the country's highest peak, Pic la Selle, which
reaches 2,680 meters above sea level. Haiti's central
parts are also dominated by mountains and high plateaus.
The mountain ranges in the north and south form two
peninsulas that extend to the west. Between them is the
deep and wide Gulf of Gonāve with the country's largest
island, Gonāve. At the far end of the bay lies the
capital Port-au-Prince. To the east of this is an
earthquake-hit lowering, Cul-de-Sac, which continues
into the Dominican Republic.
The climate is subtropical. It is hottest between
April and September but the temperature varies with the
altitude differences: in the mountains it is cooler and
along the coast the sea breeze gives cool in the humid
heat. The rainfall is most abundant on the eastern and
northern slopes of the mountains. At least rain falls on
the northern peninsula and the island of Gonāve where
severe drought can occur.
During the rainy periods in April – May and September
– October, Haiti is often hit by severe storms and
hurricanes, sometimes with heavy rainfall, severe
flooding and landslides. This happened, for example, at
the end of 2016, when Hurricane Matthew caused great
havoc. The hurricanes of Irma and José in September 2017
did not cause as much damage, but nevertheless caused
extensive flooding and the harvests in the northern
parts of the country were destroyed.
Haiti is located in an area where other natural
disasters also occur, such as volcanic eruptions and
earthquakes. An unusually powerful earthquake in January
2010 destroyed, among other things, large parts of the
capital Port-au-Prince and more than a million people
became homeless. The data on the number of dead varies
between 50,000 and over 300,000 (see Modern History).
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
27 750 km2 (2018)
Swedish –6 hours
Adjacent country (s)
Capital with number of inhabitants
Port-au-Prince 2.6 million inhabitants of the
metropolitan area (estimate 2017)
Other major cities
Gonaļves 324,000 inv, Port-de-Paix 306,000, Cap-Haļtien
250,000, Saint-Marc 242,000 (estimate 2017)
Pic de la Selle (2,680 m asl)
Average Precipitation / year
Average / day
Port-au-Prince 27 °C (Jan), 30 °C (July)
The UN appeals for help against the cholera epidemic
The UN is asking the world for $ 2 billion to fight the cholera epidemic,
which has now claimed nearly 8,000 lives. The outbreak is the most serious in
the world. The United Nations has not responded to allegations of the origin of
the infection, but lawyers representing thousands of Haitians have suffered
damages. Recently, the government has also requested emergency assistance
because of the damage caused by Hurricane Sandy in October. The UN has warned
that 1.5 million people are at risk of food shortages.
The energy causes severe damage
Hurricane Sandy advances over Haiti, where it has been raining heavily for
two months - and raining heavily earlier this year. The devastation is great and
over 50 people perish in the floods that Sandy causes. Over 70 percent of the
harvest, not least of bananas and maize, is estimated to be destroyed.
Increased rights for Haitians abroad
A constitutional change gives Haitians the right to own land and stand for
election. Haitians also have the right to have dual citizenship. The amendments
were approved by Parliament in May 2011, but Martelly has previously refused to
sign. Around 2 million Haitians abroad have long wanted to have a greater
influence on politics in their home country. Money they send home is of great
importance to the country's economy.
New prime minister takes office
Former Foreign Minister Laurent Lamothe may take office as prime minister
after being approved by Parliament's two chambers.
The Prime Minister resigns
Garry Conille goes into protest after only four months, after many in the
government refused to cooperate with a dual citizenship inquiry among senior
politicians and civil servants.