Guinea on the West African coast has rich
natural resources and the economy is mainly based on
mineral mining. The country is estimated to have one
third of the world's assets on bauxite, which is raw
material for aluminum. But the financial difficulties of
authoritarian, military-assisted regimes for many
decades have made the country exhaustive. In 2010,
Guinea held its first democratic presidential election,
but the road to a functioning democracy seems long.
Brief profiles of Guinea, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
Guinea is on the surface slightly larger than
Norrland. The country borders Liberia and Sierra Leone
in the south, Guinea-Bissau and Senegal in the north and
Ivory Coast and Mali in the east.
Nature is varied. Shallow rivers and fjords with
mangrove swamps intersect the coast towards the
Atlantic. However, many of the mangrove swamps have
disappeared and been replaced by rice crops. Inside the
coastal plain stands the mountain plateau Fouta Djallon,
where the great West African rivers Niger, Gambia and
Senegal have their sources.
The Sahel region's savannahs are spreading in the
northeast while tropical rainforests cover the country's
southeastern parts. At the far south is a mountain
massif, the ore-rich Nimba. The mountain slopes have a
rich plant and animal life and the mountain has been
placed on UNESCO's list of world heritage sites. There
are several species that do not exist anywhere else,
including chimpanzees that use stones as tools.
The climate is mainly tropical with abundant rainfall
along the coast. There is the capital Conakry, which is
known for its huge annual rainfall of over 4,000 mm, of
which more than half fall in July and August.
In the hinterland, around the high plateau Fouta
Djallon, the rainfall is more moderate, about 1,800 mm
per year, despite the rainy season being longer, about
seven months. In the savannah region, the rainy season
is shorter. In the Guinée Forestière region in the
southeast, the climate is subtropical. Temperatures are
significantly higher along the coast than inland. During
the dry season, the desert wind blows the harmattan
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
245 857 km2 (2018)
Swedish - 1 hour
Adjacent country (s)
Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Mali, Ivory Coast, Liberia,
Capital with number of residents
Conakry 1,767,000 (estimated 2018)
Other major cities
Siguiri, Boké, Kindia, N'Zérékoré, Kankan
Nimba (1752 meters above sea level)
Conakry 1300 mm (July), 3 mm (Jan)
Conakry 28 °C (April), 25 °C (Aug)
Suspects of massacres are arrested in Senegal
Aboubacar Sidiki Diakité, the man who shot the Camara dome in late 2009 (see
December 2009), is arrested in Senegal. He is suspected of
being involved in a massacre of 157 people in the fall of that year. He has
lived in Senegal for five years under different identities and is expected to be
extradited to Guinea.
Settlement of damages
The political parties agree to pay damages to the people affected by the
violence ahead of the 2013 elections. One fund will be created to compensate
those injured and the relatives of people killed, another to compensate people
who have been plundered on their assets. The settlement takes place after a long
dialogue between the political parties and representatives of civil society.
The parties also agree that local elections will be held in February 2017. No
local elections have been held since 2005.
The government is criticized by human rights organizations
Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch criticize the government for not
doing enough to investigate twelve murders, multiple rapes and the looting that
occurred around the 2015 elections. No one has been held responsible for these
crimes and the victims and their families have received no damages. According
to the organizations, both government and opposition supporters were behind the
abuses. However, the government is commended for the measures it has taken to
improve the discipline of the security forces.
Local Election Agreement 2017
After lengthy negotiations, the government and opposition will agree that
local elections will be held in February 2017. It will be the first time in
twelve years that the Guineans will be allowed to elect their local
Risking millions of fines for illegal fishing
Two Chinese fishing vessels fishing in Guinean waters without a permit run
the risk of being fined over $ 3 million. The boats were discovered at the end
of August / September together with twelve other fishing boats in a joint action
against poaching, initiated by the EU, in which both Guinea and Guinea-Bissau,
Gambia and Senegal participated.
The President in conversation with the opposition
President Condé meets Cellou Dalein Diallo for talks. According to the
opposition leader, these should have been constructive, and the intention is
that the two should meet regularly for deliberations.
At least half a million are protesting against the government
The opposition is again gathering large crowds to protest the government.
According to Cellou Dalein Diallo, there are 700,000 protesters, while the
security forces speak of half a million participants. The protesters are urging
President Condé to step down and demand new jobs. Dalein Diallo accuses the
president of having failed the projects to start further iron extraction in
Simandou, by not ensuring that new jobs are created. Unrest erupts in connection
with the demonstration, a person who was merely a spectator of the manifestation
shot to death.
Diplomatic relations are established with Israel
After 49 years of interruption, Guinea and Israel reestablish diplomatic
relations. The contacts were broken after the six-day war in Israel in 1967.
Risk of new unrest
Concerns in the country are rising ahead of the local elections in October.
Opposition leader Cellou Dalein Diallo announces new protests when the fasting
month of Ramadan ends on July 5. His party UFDG also has plans to go to court to
have it tested if the president is guilty of abuse of power, partly because of
his refusal to set up a Supreme Court.
Free from Ebola
The WHO says the latest outbreak of communicable disease is over.
New corruption scandal
Guinea is considering initiating legal proceedings against Global Witness.
This after the international organization in a report claimed that President
Condé received money from the mining company Sable Mining Africa Ltd, which is
registered in the British Virgin Islands tax haven, during the 2010 election
campaign. Global Witness has also accused the president's son Alpha Mohammed
Condé of receiving bribes that the mining company must have paid to extract iron
in the Mount Nimba area. President Condé rejects the information in the report.
Sable's management also claims that there is nothing in the charges.
New deaths in Ebola
At least seven people are believed to have died of the disease in the
southern parts of the country. Liberia closes its border with Guinea to prevent
the infection from being carried there.
New government takes office
The country's new Prime Minister Mamady Youlas will take office. Several
women are in high positions, Malado Kaba, who previously worked with development
issues for the European Commission, becomes a new Minister of Finance, and the
lawyer Makale Camara, becomes a new Foreign Minister (she was Minister of
Agriculture during the junta era).